PARIS: India knows it faces a challenge in ensuring the country’s development goes hand-in-hand with global goals to reduce emissions and stop world temperatures rising to dangerous levels.
There are currently 300 million people in the country without electricity, but to tackle this the government has launched an initiative to develop 100 smart cities.
This involves modernising mid-range cities and creating satellite towns, all with renewable energy at their core.
"We are trying to build an infrastructure for all sections of society, whether poor, lower class, middle class, upper middle class,” said Indian Administrative Service officer Praveen Prakash.
“We want to demonstrate how an urban government, city government work with the government of India can create an infrastructure in a manner which is better, more sustainable, green. For all of this information technology works as a backbone."
Using innovative technology to create a sustainable future is a key ambition for India.
"Address the economic development of a nation in a credible fashion, but at the same time aligning with the goal of the international community’s aspiration to reduce emission,” said Karuna Gopal, founder and president of the Foundation for Futuristic Cities.
“More specifically, look at environment policy moving to renewables, incentivising behaviours that conserve energy, create smart grids. The sun is our constant source of energy. Our solar programmes are so big, our farms are very big and in future we see that more and more will come from renewable energy."
"Solar has been a major talking point for India here at the COP21 in Paris, after India’s Prime Minister launched the international solar alliance of 120 countries. India says that it is committed to reducing its emissions and it is likely that technology is going to play a major part in that goal.