- POSTED: 19 Dec 2013 23:22
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European leaders gathered on Thursday at a summit set to deepen EU integration and put four years of debilitating economic crises behind by sealing a historic banking union deal.
BRUSSELS: European leaders gathered on Thursday at a summit set to deepen EU integration and put four years of debilitating economic crises behind by sealing a historic banking union deal.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, just beginning a fresh four-year mandate, arrived at the meeting signalling her determination for greater cooperation, notably on defence.
But British Prime Minister David Cameron scoffed at any idea the EU should have its own armed forces, setting the stage for a fiery debate at the two-day meeting.
"It makes sense for nation states to cooperate over matters of defence to keep us all safer ... but it is not right for the EU to have capabilities, armies, airforces and the rest of it," Cameron said on arrival at the summit.
"We have to get that demarcation correct between cooperation which is right but EU capabilities which is wrong," he said.
Despite their differences, the 28 nations in the bloc agreed a landmark bank deal in the hours before the summit.
Drawn up after failed banks drove countries such as Ireland into bailouts and brought the continent's economy to a halt, the accord would result in one of the biggest handovers of sovereignty to the EU since the creation of the single currency.
It opens the way for a single body to police and wind up ailing banks, backed by a fund paid for by the banks themselves to avoid using taxpayer money.
All 17 countries -- soon to be 18 -- sharing the single currency will be bound to the scheme while non-euro members have the option of joining.
The banking union is seen as a means to ensure stability in the eurozone, and proponents also hope it will help facilitate much-needed growth and jobs.
With fragile growth of just 1.1 per cent and a stubbornly high unemployment rate of 12.2 per cent expected for 2014, the eurozone is badly in need of a boost.
Make Europe a strong continent
Invigorated by a third term as leader of Europe's biggest economy, Merkel has signalled her determination to push through unpopular EU reforms to secure the future of the 28-nation bloc.
Key among the reforms championed by Germany is a more centralised economic governance, with EU members compelled to meet certain fiscal targets, even if this requires treaty changes.
"We are among those who say that we must, if treaties are no longer sufficient, develop those treaties ... Those who want more Europe must be ready for new rules on some competencies," Merkel told the Bundestag on Wednesday.
French President Francois Hollande has pushed instead for more pro-growth policies and less austerity.
The austerity preached by Merkel has not gone down well in the eurozone.
Thousands of people angered at public spending cuts protested ahead of the summit, setting pallets on fire, hurling crackers at police and blocking key roads around EU headquarters ahead of the arrival of Europe's leaders.
"Rise up against austerity," said one banner.
Beyond defence and economic matters, the summit is also expected to look at the EU-Russia tug-of-war over Ukraine, where tens of thousands of people have descended on the streets to protest Kiev's decision to ditch a trade deal with the bloc, turning instead to Russia to rescue its economy.
EU sources said the leaders were expected to issue a message of support for the people of Ukraine while reiterating the bloc's readiness to sign a partnership deal with the former Soviet state once it feels ready.
But earlier on Thursday, Ukraine's President Viktor Yanukovych told Western powers to stay out of his country's political crisis, while insisting that Kiev's deal with Moscow did not contravene its path towards EU integration.