- POSTED: 26 May 2014 05:11
France suffered a political earthquake on Sunday as the far-right National Front (FN) topped the polls in European elections with an unprecedented haul of one in every four votes cast, exit polls indicated.
PARIS: France suffered a political earthquake on Sunday as the far-right National Front (FN) topped the polls in European elections with an unprecedented haul of one in every four votes cast, exit polls indicated.
Average results from five polling institutes pointed to the anti-immigration, anti-EU party led by Marine Le Pen taking 24-25 per cent of the popular vote and around a third -- between 23 and 25 -- of France's 74 seats in the European Parliament.
Riding twin waves of Euroscepticism fuelled by a belief that Brussels is responsible for the country's current economic woes and furious disillusionment with its political establishment, the FN beat the centre-right Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) into second place (20-21 per cent).
President Francois Hollande's Socialist Party was left languishing in third with barely 15 per cent of the vote, a humiliation that Prime Minister Manuel Valls said demonstrated the need to accelerate far-reaching reforms of the French economy and the way the country is governed.
The result, achieved on a respectable turnout of around 45 per cent, is the highest score ever obtained in a nationwide election by the National Front (FN) and follows breakthrough gains made by the once pariah party in municipal elections earlier in the year.
As FN leaders celebrated their triumph by demanding the dissolution of the National Assembly, senior Socialist minister Segolene Royal acknowledged that the far right's success represented "a shock on a global scale."
Marine Le Pen, 45, has been credited with significantly broadening the appeal of a party founded by her father Jean-Marie Le Pen and long tainted by association with his multiple convictions for inciting racism and denying the holocaust.
She said voters had demonstrated their desire to "reclaim the reins of their own destiny."
"Our people demand only one type of politics -- a politics of the French, for the French and with the French," she said.
"They have said they no longer want to be ruled from outside, to have to submit to laws they did not vote for or to obey (EU) commissioners who are not subject to the legitimacy of universal suffrage."
The FN's score is significantly better than the support of just under 18 per cent that Marine Le Pen secured in the first round of the 2012 presidential election and suggests she has a real chance of progressing to the final two-candidate run-off when France next votes for its head of state, in 2017.
Political analysts continue to consider the prospect of an FN president as extremely unlikely but many see French politics being transformed into a three-party system in which Le Pen's party could wield considerable influence.
The far right party's resurgence over the last few years has been attributed to the appeal of its core messages on immigration and Europe at a time of record high unemployment and falling living standards for many working and middle class voters.
But the FN has also benefited hugely with widespread disillusionment with the mainstream parties.
Both the UMP, whose former leader Nicolas Sarkozy ran France from 2007-12, and the Socialists have been beset by a series of scandals over alleged corruption or cronyism, as well as being seen by many as having failed to address France's problems.
Manuel Valls, who was promoted to prime minister after the Socialists were routed at the municipal elections, said Sunday's vote was a sign the government needed to accelerate the pace of reforms aimed at creating a more business-friendly climate in France, trimming the size of the state and getting the economy going again.
"What we are going through is serious, very serious for France and for Europe," Valls said. "This vote, it is my belief, is nothing more than a new alarm, a shock, an earthquake aimed at every politician in the country and they have to react to it," Valls said.
"We have to go faster in reforming France because there is not one minute to lose."