- POSTED: 22 Jul 2014 01:30
- UPDATED: 22 Jul 2014 05:40
Western powers on Monday ratcheted up the pressure on Moscow over the Malaysian plane disaster, as a train loaded with some 280 bodies was finally allowed to leave a rebel-held station four days after the jet crashed in strife-torn east Ukraine.
TOREZ, Ukraine: Western powers on Monday ratcheted up the pressure on Moscow over the Malaysian plane disaster, as a train loaded with some 280 bodies was finally allowed to leave a rebel-held station four days after the jet crashed in strife-torn east Ukraine.
With global fury mounting over the limited access given to investigators in the aftermath of the crash, the insurgents blamed for hampering the probe pledged to hand over two black boxes recovered from the plane to Malaysia.
The move came after US President Barack Obama insisted that Moscow force pro-Russian insurgents controlling parts of east Ukraine to cooperate with an international probe into the disaster, and said chaos at the impact site was an "insult" to families of the victims.
Moscow, which has drawn ire for failing to rein in the rebels, backed a UN Security Council resolution condemning the downing of the plane and demanding access to the crash site.
At the same time, Russia hit back at US accusations that it supplied the weapons allegedly used to shoot down the airliner -- a disaster that has taken Ukraine's three-month bloody conflict to the doorstep of countries as far away as Malaysia and Australia.
On the ground, the animosity between Ukraine's warring sides was underlined by intense shelling which erupted in the rebel stronghold of Donetsk, a city just 60 kilometres from the station where the bodies had been held in refrigerated wagons, killing five and leaving 12 wounded.
Obama put the onus to set the situation straight squarely on Russia which he says has "direct influence over these separatists".
Russian President Vladimir Putin must prove "that he supports a full and fair investigation," Obama said, stressing "the burden now is on Russia to insist that the separatists stop tampering with evidence, grant investigators who are already on the ground immediate, full, and unimpeded access to the crash site".
Putin had appeared to adopt a conciliatory tone Sunday, saying Moscow would do "everything in its power" to resolve the conflict in the neighbouring former Soviet state.
But on Monday, Moscow moved to slap down US accusations that the missile system used to shoot down the aircraft was transferred from Russia to separatists.
A senior Russian defence ministry official insisted that "Russia did not give the rebels Buk missile systems or any other kinds of weapons or military hardware".
Moscow challenged Kiev instead, saying records showed a Ukrainian military plane was flying just three to five kilometres from the Boeing 777 before it crashed on Thursday, killing all 298 people on board.
"With what aim was a military plane flying along a civilian aviation route practically at the same time and at the same flight level as a passenger liner?" asked Lieutenant-General Andrei Kartopolov.
Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko swiftly dismissed that claim, calling it an "irresponsible and false statement" by Russia.
Russia's riposte came after Kiev released fresh recordings of what it says are intercepted conversations between rebels conspiring to hide the flight's black boxes from international monitors.
And the US embassy confirmed as authentic recordings released earlier by Kiev of an intercepted call between an insurgent commander and a Russian intelligence officer as they realised they had shot down a passenger jet.
The Washington Post said Ukraine's counterintelligence chief had photographs and other evidence that three Buk M-1 anti-aircraft missile systems moved from rebel-held territory into Russia less than 12 hours after the crash.
Poroshenko said the rebels were wasting their time as "it is simply impossible to remove and destroy all the evidence because the shrapnel is dispersed in the area of 20 square kilometres".
Earlier at the Torez railway station, Dutch investigators wearing masks and headlights were finally allowed to examine the remains of over 200 recovered bodies.
As they opened each of the train wagons holding the remains, an overpowering stench filled the air.
Patience was wearing thin over the limited access to the crash site in Grabove, but Malaysia's premier said late Monday rebels have now agreed to give investigators full freedom to examine the scene.
Najib added that six members of his team would accompany the train carrying the victims' remains to the government-held east Ukrainian city of Kharkiv where they would be handed over to the Dutch, who have been asked by Kiev to lead the probe.
Earlier Monday, Obama denounced the chaotic removal of bodies by rebels as "an insult to those who have lost loved ones" while Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott called it an "absolutely shambolic situation".
As grief turned to anger, the public prosecutor's office in the Netherlands said it had opened a criminal probe into the downing of the plane, which had 193 Dutch on board.
The outrage was palpable in an open letter from Dutch national Hans de Borst, who lost his 17-year-old daughter Elsemiek.
"Thank you very much Mr Putin, separatist leaders or the Ukrainian government, for murdering my dear and only child," he wrote in the letter published by Dutch media.
"I hope that you're proud to have destroyed her young life and that you can look yourself in the mirror."
After meeting bereaved families, an emotional Dutch King Willem-Alexander said the disaster has left "a deep wound in our society".
Europe brandished the threat of new sanctions against Russia barely a week after the last round of toughened embargoes.
Whole sectors of the economy including goods with possible military uses could be targeted, British Prime Minister David Cameron said, while Canada announced new sanctions on Monday.
The separatists' violent bid to join Russia is the latest chapter in a prolonged crisis sparked by Kiev's desire for closer ties with the EU - a sentiment many in the Russian-speaking east do not share.