SHANGHAI: Shanghai on Monday (May 30) announced an end to its two-month long COVID-19 lockdown, allowing the vast majority of people in China's largest city to leave their homes and drive their cars from Wednesday.
The news brought an outpouring of relief, joy and some wariness from exhausted residents.
"I'm so emotional that I'm going to cry," said one Weibo user.
Most of the city's 25 million residents have been confined to their homes for almost all of the lockdown which began on Apr 1, with curbs only slightly relaxing in recent weeks to allow some to go out for short periods of time.
Local authorities had earlier this month said they planned to fully restore normal life by next month but it had not been clear how they would carry that out amid an insistence on sticking to China's zero-COVID policy.
Some residents greeted the news with disbelief, reflecting on how what was originally supposed to be a lockdown lasting five days that became a much longer than anticipated ordeal.
"Please don't be lying to me," one person said on social media. "I'm numb," said another.
The easing of curbs applies only to those in low-risk areas, which are home to about 22.3 million people, according to government data. People will still be required to wear masks and are discouraged from gathering and encouraged to get vaccinated.
Authorities did not say whether activities such as restaurant dining would be permitted.
Following the announcement, Li Qiang, Shanghai's Communist Party chief and an ally of President Xi Jinping, said city authorities and residents had "passed the test under extreme conditions and completed the arduous task".
The city-wide lockdown has fuelled public anger and rare protests, as well as pummelled supply chains and China's economy.
Residents have heavily criticised the city government over its communication during much of the period. On Sunday, Shanghai announced it was removing restrictions on business reopenings, but gave no indication at that time on how it would lift other lockdown measures.
It was also unclear whether firms, shops and supermarkets must continue to adhere to a "closed loop" management system in order to reopen. Companies have called such requirements problematic as they must find ways for workers to sleep on site and carry out regular disinfection.
"Shanghai suffered a huge setback and lost its shine during the two months of stringent lockdown measures. Although the road to normality is long, these new measures indicate the prioritisation of Shanghai’s economic recovery" said Bettina Schoen-Behanzin, Vice President of the European Union Chamber of Commerce in China.
China's "zero COVID" policy aimed at eradicating outbreaks is at odds with other countries that have opted to live with the virus, and the lack of an exit strategy has worried investors.
China's new daily cases are in the hundreds compared with tens of thousands in many Western nations.
In Beijing, which is fighting its own smaller outbreak, streets were busier on Monday as more residents returned to work and public transport curbs were eased. But officials said the emergence of a new case outside of quarantined zones after three clear days showed the tall task of quelling COVID.
Beijing had reported no cases in the community for three straight days - the best run since its current outbreak began in late April - until a new case surfaced on Monday.
"There was a new flare-up today, indicating Beijing's 'dynamic-zero' mission is arduous and we should constantly be on alert," municipal government spokesperson Xu Hejian told a news conference.
The Beijing districts of Fangshan and Shunyi ended work-from-home rules on Monday, while that requirement has also largely been dropped in the city's biggest district Chaoyang. Public transport has mostly resumed in all three areas.
Libraries, museums, theatres and gyms were allowed to reopen on Sunday, though with limits on numbers of people, in districts that have seen no community cases for seven consecutive days. Still, restaurant dining is banned throughout the city.
Shanghai reported fewer than 100 new COVID cases for May 29, while Beijing recorded 12. Across the country, China reported 184 new cases, down from 293.
While there have been signs that economic activity is recovering somewhat from a dismal April, the strength and sustainability of any rebound depends largely on COVID-19 developments.
China is hoping frequent mass testing will allow them to detect future outbreaks at an early stage and aim to have testing facilities within 15 minutes' walk of everyone in its big cities.
The government is on track to spend more than US$52 billion this year on testing, new medical facilities, monitoring equipment and other anti-COVID measures, which will benefit as many as 3,000 companies, analysts say.