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Myanmar civilian leader says people should defend themselves

Myanmar civilian leader says people should defend themselves

Protesters attend a candlelight night rally in Yangon, Myanmar, Saturday, Mar 13, 2021. Security forces in Myanmar on Saturday again met protests against last month's military takeover with lethal force, killing at least four people by shooting live ammunition at demonstrators. (Photo: AP)

YANGON: The acting leader of Myanmar's parallel civilian government said it will seek to give people the legal right to defend themselves as the death toll in protests against last month's coup exceeded 80, according to an advocacy group. 

"This is the darkest moment of the nation and the moment that the dawn is close," said Mahn Win Khaing Than, who is on the run along with most senior officials from the ruling National League for Democracy Party.

"This is also a moment testing our citizens to see how far we can resist these darkest times," he added, addressing the public via Facebook on Saturday (Mar 13).

Mahn Win Khaing Than served as speaker of the house during Aung San Suu Kyi's previous administration.

He said the civilian government would "attempt to legislate the required laws so that the people have the right to defend themselves" against the military crackdown.

The address on Saturday was his first appearance in his capacity as acting vice president of a shadow "parliament" called the Committee for Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (CRPH), and he echoed the anti-coup movement's calls for a "federal democracy" - which would allow ethnic minority groups to have a role in Myanmar's governance.

"This uprising is also the chance for all of us to struggle together hand-in-hand to establish a federal democracy union," he said.

"We must win the uprising."

READ: Myanmar’s UN ambassador urges stronger international response, vows to continue to ‘fight back’ against the junta

The committee has issued several statements since its formation, but the protest movement on the ground appears largely leaderless - with daily rallies organised by local activists.

The junta - self-anointed as the State Administration Council - has said the CRPH's formation is akin to "high treason", which carries a maximum sentence of 22 years in jail.

More than 80 people had been killed as of Saturday in widespread protests against the military's seizure of power, the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners advocacy group said. More than 2,100 people have been arrested, it said.

At least 13 people were killed on Saturday, one of the bloodiest days since the Feb 1 coup, witnesses and domestic media said.

Five people were shot dead and several injured when police opened fire on a sit-in protest in Mandalay, Myanmar's second-biggest city, witnesses told Reuters.

Two people were killed in the central town of Pyay and two died in police firing in the commercial capital Yangon, where three were also killed overnight, domestic media reported.

"They are acting like they are in a war zone, with unarmed people," said Mandalay-based activist Myat Thu. He said the dead included a 13-year-old child.

Si Thu Tun, another protester, said he saw two people shot, including a Buddhist monk. "One of them was hit in the pubic bone, another was shot to death terribly," he said.

A truck driver in Chauk, a town in the central Magwe Region, died after being shot in the chest by police, a family friend said.

A spokesman for the junta did not answer phone calls from Reuters seeking comment. Junta-run media MRTV's evening news broadcast labelled the protesters "criminals" but did not elaborate.

READ: Myanmar military likely behind 'crimes against humanity': UN expert


Saturday's protests erupted after posters spread on social media urging people to mark the death anniversary of Phone Maw, who was shot and killed by security forces in 1988 inside what was then known as the Rangoon Institute of Technology campus.

His shooting and that of another student who died a few weeks later sparked widespread protests against the military government known as the 8-8-88 campaign, because they peaked in August that year. An estimated 3,000 people were killed when the army crushed the uprising.

READ: Myanmar citizens stranded in US offered temporary refuge from coup crackdown

READ: 200 Myanmar police, family members now in India

Aung San Suu Kyi emerged as a democracy icon during the movement and was kept under house arrest for nearly two decades.

She was released in 2010 as the military began democratic reforms. Her National League for Democracy won elections in 2015 and again in November last year.

This year, the generals overthrew her government and detained Suu Kyi and many of her Cabinet colleagues, claiming fraud in the November elections. 

Source: Reuters/afp/nh


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