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'Catastrophic' Myanmar situation imperils wider region: UN

'Catastrophic' Myanmar situation imperils wider region: UN

Myanmar has been in turmoil since leader Aung San Suu Kyi was ousted in a February coup and put under house arrest. (Photo: AFP/STR)

GENEVA: The United Nations rights chief warned on Tuesday (Jul 6) that the dire situation in Myanmar since its February coup was driving the country towards possible civil war and could spark regional insecurity.

Speaking before the UN Human Rights Council, Michelle Bachelet lamented that Myanmar in recent months "has evolved from a political crisis to a multi-dimensional human rights catastrophe".

"Suffering and violence throughout the country are devastating prospects for sustainable development, and raise the possibility of state failure or a broader civil war," she said.

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In addition, she cautioned: "The catastrophic developments in Myanmar since the coup ... are generating clear potential for massive insecurity, with fallout for the wider region."

Myanmar has experienced mass protests and a brutal military response since the Feb 1 coup that ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi.

"What began as a coup by the Myanmar military has rapidly morphed into an attack against the civilian population that has become increasingly widespread and systematic," the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said.

READ: Freed American journalist remembers horrors of Myanmar junta jail

Since the coup, nearly 900 people have been killed, while about 200,000 have been forced to flee their homes, she said.

Soldiers stand next to military vehicles as people gather to protest against the military coup, in Yangon, Myanmar, Feb 15, 2021. (Photo: REUTERS/Stringer)

At the same time, at least 5,200 people had been arbitrarily arrested, including more than 90 journalists, according to UN numbers, while eight major media outlets had been forced to close.

Bachelet also pointed to multiple reports of "enforced disappearances, brutal torture and deaths in custody", as well as arrests of relatives and even the children of people sought by the authorities.

"Despair is rising," she warned, pointing out that people across the country had now taken up arms and formed self-protection groups.

READ: Myanmar's shadow government parades new armed force

READ: Local uprisings emerge to challenge Myanmar's army

"These newly formed armed opposition groups have launched attacks in several locations, to which the security forces have responded with disproportionate force," she said.

"I am concerned that this escalation in violence could have horrific consequences for civilians."

The former Chilean president called on "all armed actors" to respect and protect civilians and civilian structures like health centres and schools.

In the past five months there had been at least 240 attacks on healthcare facilities and personnel, she said, which had among other things "seriously disabled COVID-19 testing, treatment and vaccination".

It was vital, she insisted, for the international community to "stand united in pressuring the military to halt its continuing attacks on the people of Myanmar and return the country to democracy".

Source: AFP/dv


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