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Some Omicron sub-variants escaping antibodies from Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine shot: Chinese study

Some Omicron sub-variants escaping antibodies from Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine shot: Chinese study

File photo of a vial labelled Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine is seen in this illustration taken on Jan 16, 2022. (Photo: Reuters/Dado Ruvic)

BEIJING: A small Chinese study detailed in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal showed neutralising antibodies against some Omicron sub-variants were largely undetectable after two doses of a Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine, with a booster shot only partly restoring them.

The study comes as China, which has approved only locally developed COVID-19 shots including the Sinopharm vaccine, strives to improve vaccination rates, maintaining a "dynamic zero-COVID" policy aimed at eradicating all outbreaks while many countries have adopted an approach of learning to live with the virus.

The vaccine, BBIBP-CorV, is one of the two Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine shots approved for use in China, and is also the main shot that the state-owned firm has exported.

Among 25 individuals who received two doses of BBIBP-CorV vaccine, the neutralising activity against sub-variants such as BA.2.12.1 and BA.4/BA.5 "was not or only minimally detectable", researchers said in correspondence published on Monday.

Neutralising activity against those sub-variants was observed in just 24 per cent to 48 per cent of subjects who received a BBIBP-CorV booster shot after the two-dose product, researchers said, citing results from a group of 25 participants.

The rate improved slightly to 30 per cent to 53 per cent for those who received a third shot made by a unit of Chongqing Zhifei Biological Products, another vaccine approved for use in China, according to data from another group of 30 subjects.

The study did not discuss the boosters' efficacy, a rate that reflects how well they could lower the risk of COVID-19 disease or death, which is usually observed in large clinical trials.

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Source: Reuters/mi

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