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After South Korea election loss, Moon's ruling party scrambles to regroup

After South Korea election loss, Moon's ruling party scrambles to regroup

FILE PHOTO: South Korean President Moon Jae-in speaks during a ceremony of the 103rd anniversary of the March 1st Independence Movement Day in Seoul, South Korea, March 1, 2022. Jeon Heon-Kyun/Pool via REUTERS/File Photo

SEOUL: The party of outgoing South Korea President Moon Jae-in scrambled to regroup on Friday (Mar 11) as its leadership resigned en masse after its devastating election defeat, but still holds enough seats to potentially thwart the new president's agenda.

Conservative opposition candidate Yoon Suk-yeol, a former prosecutor-general and political novice, won South Korea's closest election in decades on Wednesday, tapping voter disillusionment over spiralling housing prices, deepening inequality and scandals involving Moon's aides.

The governing Democratic Party's entire leadership team resigned on Thursday, taking responsibility for the result, leaving the party's 172 lawmakers and other officials to gather on Friday to analyse the failure and chart the way forward.

There were signs of discord among the Democrats.

Some called for soul searching and the need to shake off perceptions of arrogance, while others said the top priority should be placed on the June election of heads of local governments nationwide, not the leadership change.

Despite the defeat, the Democrats will retain their solid majority in the 300-seat, single-chamber parliament until the next election in 2024, meaning their support is essential for Yoon to pass new legislation, approve budgets and appoint cabinet ministers.

"The government will change, but the power balance in parliament will not," said Shin Yul, a political science professor at Myongji University.

"How Yoon would handle the lopsided structure would be key, and in order to draw the opposition's cooperation, he would need strong public support behind any policy drive."


Yoon promised after his victory to heal polarised politics, embrace foes and work with the Democrats.

But the bruising campaign marred by scandals, smears and gaffes exposed some bitter feelings harboured by both sides, highlighting the challenges Yoon faces when he is sworn in May.

Before his resignation, the Democrat chairman said last week Yoon would be a "vegetative president" who would struggle to run the government with the ruling party occupying just 105 seats.

Yoon told a rally on Tuesday there was talk among some Democrats that if he was elected they would disrupt his government and rally dissenters in his party.

The Democrats are exploring how to keep Yoon's conservative agenda in check, including his pledge to buy an additional THAAD US missile system, which Yoon's campaign estimated would cost up to 1.5 trillion won (US$1.2 billion).

Yoon has said the system was necessary to bolster capital area defences against North Korea's evolving missile threats.

But the Democrats have voiced stiff resistance, saying it risks economic retaliation from China which argues the equipment's powerful radar could penetrate into its territory.

Shin said an early test could be the local government election in June, and confirmation hearings when Yoon nominates cabinet ministers after taking office.

Moon had been criticised for appointing the highest number of nominees without bipartisan approval in the country's democratic history.

"The ruling party had faced backlash after using its majority to press ahead with its agenda without consensus," Shin said. "They would know they still play a role in fostering bipartisan politics, with their power in parliament."

Source: Reuters/gs


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