WASHINGTON: The United States on Thursday (Sep 22) announced over US$170 million in additional humanitarian assistance for Myanmar's Rohingya Muslims, including those outside the country such as in Bangladesh, Secretary of State Antony Blinken said.
"With this new funding, our total assistance in response to the Rohingya Refugee Crisis has reached nearly US$1.9 billion since August 2017, when over 740,000 Rohingya were forced to flee to safety in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh," Blinken said in a statement.
The assistance comes about a month after the United Nations refugee agency said the funding to help Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh was "well short of needs".
More than a million Rohingya are living in squalid camps in southern Bangladesh comprising the world's largest refugee settlement, with little prospect of returning to Myanmar, where they are mostly denied citizenship and other rights.
The new round of US humanitarian assistance includes more than US$93 million through the State Department and more than US$77 million through the United States Agency for International Development, Blinken said.
About US$138 million was allocated specifically for programnes in Bangladesh, Blinken said, adding the US was working with the government of Bangladesh and with Rohingya Muslims toward finding solutions to the crisis.
The vast majority OF Rohingya Muslims fled Mynamar to neighbouring Bangladesh during a military crackdown in 2017 that the United Nations has said was carried out with genocidal intent.
In his statement on Thursday, Blinken said many of the Rohinya refugees were "survivors of a campaign of genocide and crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing".
Myanmar denies genocide, saying it was waging a legitimate campaign against insurgents who attacked police posts. Myanmar is facing charges of genocide at the International Court of Justice in the Hague over the violence.