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Asian buyers of Russian oil, gas and coal

Asian buyers of Russian oil, gas and coal

FILE PHOTO: A gas station attendant pumps fuel into a customer's car at a gas station in Shanghai, China November 17, 2017. REUTERS/Aly Song

(Corrects paragraph 6 import figure to 56.7 mln from 15.25 mln, share of total to 17.6per cent from 4.72per cent)

:As the Ukraine-Russia crisis intensifies, Brent crude futures have hit fresh seven-year highs as analysts warn trade sanctions may have implications for Asian countries dependent on Russia for oil, gas and coal. [O/R]

Below are details on how Asian countries rely on oil, gas and coal from Russia. CHINA

China accounts for 15.4per cent of Russia's total crude oil exports, with only Saudi Arabia selling it more. China's Russian crude oil buying averaged 1.59 million barrels per day (bpd) last year, or 15.5per cent of its total imports.

China receives about 40per cent of this via the 4,070-km (2,540-mile) East Siberia Pacific Ocean (ESPO) pipeline.

Russia is also China's No. 3 gas supplier. China accounted for 6.7per cent of Russian natural gas exports in 2021. Russian exports to China totalled 16.5 billion cubic metres (bcm), or about 12.07 million tonnes in 2021, meeting roughly 5per cent of China's demand.

Russia was also China's No. 2 coal supplier in 2021. Reuters calculations based on customs data show China's Russian coal imports of 56.7 million tonnes last year made up 17.6per cent of its total imports of the fuel. SOUTH KOREA

Russia was South Korea's fourth-largest crude oil supplier in 2021 after Saudi Arabia, the United States and Kuwait. South Korea imported about 7.92 million tonnes of crude oil from Russia last year, worth about $4.27 billion, data from the Korea International Trade Association (KITA) showed.

South Korea also imported 2.87 million tonnes of gas from Russia last year, the KITA data showed, making it the country's sixth-largest supplier.

Russia was the second-largest coal exporter to South Korea in 2021 after Australia, shipping 21.95 million tonnes worth about $2.56 billion and accounting for 17.5per cent of South Korea’s total coal imports, the data showed.

JAPAN

Russia was Japan's second-biggest supplier of thermal coal in 2021, making up 12.48per cent of its thermal coal imports, Japanese customs data showed.

Russia was Japan’s fifth-biggest supplier of crude oil and liquefied natural gas (LNG) in 2021, accounting for 3.63per cent and 8.84per cent of its total imports, respectively.

Japan accounted for 4.1per cent of Russia's crude oil exports and 7.2per cent of its natural gas exports.

VIETNAM

Russia was the third-largest coal exporter to Vietnam in 2021, after Australia and Indonesia. Its coal exports to Vietnam totalled 3.59 million tonnes in 2021, accounting for 9.9per cent of Vietnam’s total coal imports, Vietnam customs data showed.

The country did not import crude oil from Russia in 2021, but Vietnam’s state oil firm PetroVietnam has a 49per cent stake in an oil joint venture (Rusvietpetro) with Zarubezhneft in Russia’s Nenets Autonomous Region, which had produced 30 million tonnes of crude oil as of mid-2021 since its establishment in 2008.

INDIA

India imported 1.8 million tonnes of thermal coal from Russia in 2021, down from 2.5 million in 2020, data from Iman Resources showed.

Russia's share in India's thermal coal imports fell to 1.3per cent in 2021 from 1.6per cent.

India imported 43,400 bpd oil from Russia in 2021, about 1per cent of overall its imports.

India accounts for about 0.2per cent Russia's natural gas exports. GAIL (India) Ltd has a 20-year deal with Gazprom to buy 2.5 million tonnes of LNG a year which started in 2018.

(Reporting by Beijing newsroom, Aizhu Chen in Singapore, Nidhi Verma and Sudarshan Varadhan in New Delhi, Heekyong Yang in Seoul, Yuka Obayashi in Tokyo and Khanh Vu in Hanoi; writing by Isabel Kua and Florence Tan; Editing by Gavin Maguire, Tom Hogue and Jason Neely)

Source: Reuters

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