WASHINGTON: The Biden administration said on Wednesday (Oct 19) it is awarding US$2.8 billion in grants to boost US production of electric vehicle batteries and the minerals used to build them, part of a bid to wean the country off supplies from China.
"By undercutting US manufacturers with their unfair subsidies and trade practices, China seized a significant portion of the market," President Joe Biden said Wednesday in announcing the awards."Today we're stepping up ... to take it back, not all of it, but bold goals."
Albemarle Corp is among the 20 manufacturing and processing companies receiving US Energy Department grants to domestically mine lithium, graphite and nickel, build the first large-scale US lithium processing facility, construct facilities to build cathodes and other battery parts, and expand battery recycling.
The grants, which are going to projects across at least 12 states, mark the latest push by the Biden administration to help reduce the country's dependence on China and other nations for the building blocks of the green energy revolution.
The funding recipients, first reported by Reuters, were chosen by a White House steering committee and coordinated by the Energy Department with support from the Interior Department.
But the program does nothing to alleviate permitting delays faced by some in the mining industry.
Albemarle is set to receive US$149.7 million to build a facility in North Carolina to lightly process rock containing lithium from a mine it is trying to reopen. That facility would then feed a separate US plant that the company said in June would double the company's lithium production for EV batteries.
Albemarle, which also produces lithium in Australia and Chile, said the grant "increases the speed of lithium processing and reduces greenhouse gas emissions from long-distance transportation of raw minerals."
Piedmont Lithium Inc, whose shares rose nearly 11 per cent following the news, was awarded US$141.7 million to build its own lithium processing facility in Tennessee, where the company will initially process the metal sourced from Quebec and Ghana. Piedmont's plans to build a lithium mine in North Carolina have faced strong opposition.
Talon Metals Corp, which has a nickel supply deal with Tesla, will receive US$114.8 million to build a processing plant in North Dakota. That plant will process rock extracted from its planned underground mine in Minnesota.
The grants are "a clear recognition that production of domestic nickel and other battery minerals is a national priority," Talon said.
Other grants include US$316.2 million to privately-held Ascend Elements to build a battery parts plant, US$50 million to privately-held Lilac Solutions Inc for a demonstration plant for so-called direct lithium extraction technologies, US$75 million to privately-held Cirba Solutions to expand an Ohio battery recycling plant, and US$219.8 million to Syrah Technologies LLC, a subsidiary of Syrah Resources Ltd, to expand a graphite processing plant in Louisiana.
By 2030, Biden wants 50 per cent of all new vehicles sold in the United States to be electric or plug-in hybrid electric models along with 500,000 new EV charging stations. He has not endorsed the phasing-out of new gasoline-powered vehicle sales by 2030.
Legislation tied to the program that Biden signed in August sets new strict battery component and sourcing requirements for US$7,500 consumer EV tax credits. A separate US$1 trillion infrastructure law signed in November 2021 allocates US$7 billion to ensure US manufacturers can access critical minerals and other components to manufacture the batteries.
The White House said that the United States and allies do not produce enough of the critical minerals and materials used in EV batteries.
"China currently controls much of the critical mineral supply chain and the lack of mining, processing, and recycling capacity in the US could hinder electric vehicle development and adoption, leaving the US dependent on unreliable foreign supply chains," the White House said.
In March, Biden invoked the Defense Production Act to support the production and processing of minerals and materials used for EV batteries.