TOKYO -The Bank of Japan must eventually consider ways to unload its huge holdings of exchange-traded funds (ETF), such as by selling them to households, said former central bank policymaker Makoto Sakurai.
But the timing will be years away as Japan's economy could take until 2024 to fully recover from the coronavirus pandemic's scars, forcing the BOJ to maintain its massive stimulus beyond Governor Haruhiko Kuroda's term ending in April 2023, he said.
"The current stimulus won't last forever. The BOJ needs to consider (how to exit) at some point. But that won't be until 2024 or 2025," Sakurai told Reuters in an interview on Monday.
"The BOJ will have to stick to the current framework for the remainder of Kuroda's term, as Japan's economy won't recover that quickly," said Sakurai who, during his five-year stint at the board was seen as among Kuroda's closest associates.
Under yield curve control (YCC), the BOJ guides short-term interest rates at -0.1per cent and 10-year bond yields around 0per cent. It also buys huge amounts of government bonds and risky assets like ETFs to pump money to the economy.
Before stepping down in March, Sakurai took part in the BOJ's decision that month to make YCC sustainable enough to weather a prolonged battle to fire up inflation. Among the steps was to ditch a numerical target on the pace of ETF buying.
The March review has allowed the BOJ to sustain YCC for several more years by allowing it to maintain ultra-loose policy without expanding its balance sheet too much, Sakurai said.
But deepening negative rates could shorten the lifespan of YCC by destabilising Japan's banking system, he said.
The BOJ must also eventually come up with ways to unload its ETF holdings, Sakurai added.
The BOJ's ETF holdings has ballooned to roughly 50 trillion yen (US$454 billion), making it the biggest holder of Japanese shares and drawing heat for exposing its balance sheet to excessive market risk.
One option would be to sell ETFs to households via a third-party scheme, said Sakurai.
Analysts and former policymakers have floated similar ideas. Former BOJ executive Shigeki Kushida proposed selling the bank's ETF holdings to the public instead of to the market.
"It's something the BOJ must consider at some point," Sakurai said on taking ETFs off its balance sheet, adding that Kushida's proposal was among ideas worth pursuing.
"Ideally, it would be a framework that facilitates households' asset management in an ageing society, and doesn't create losses for stake-holders including the BOJ," Sakurai said.
Sakurai, who voted for Kuroda's proposals throughout his stint at the BOJ, said the two have had frequent one-on-one exchanges on issues ranging from economic theory to history.
(US$1 = 110.1000 yen)
(Reporting by Leika Kihara; Additional reporting by Takahiko Wada; Editing by Chang-Ran Kim and Kim Coghill)