JAKARTA: Shares in Indonesia's first listed tech unicorn, PT Bukalapak.com, surged 25 per cent on their market debut on Friday (Aug 6) as investors scrambled to get a piece of the country's fourth-largest e-commerce company in a booming sector.
Bukalapak shares rose to 1,060 rupiah (US$0.0738) after reaching the 25 per cent limit, with tens of thousands of investors buying shares on online platforms such as Ajaib and Stockbit, after the firm raised US$1.5 billion in Indonesia's biggest IPO, valuing it at US$6 billion.
"This event will create a snowballing effect and show the path for more Indonesia listings," said Willson Cuaca, a co-founder and managing partner at East Ventures, an Indonesia-focused venture capital firm.
The listing by the decade-old e-commerce platform, whose backers include Ant Group and Singapore sovereign fund GIC, has fuelled excitement in the thriving start-up community, in a region that is home to more than 400 million Internet users.
The IPO comes as Indonesia's US$40 billion e-commerce market is getting a boost from stay-at-home consumers and a shift by more businesses to sell online in the pandemic.
Investor interest is also running high ahead of a planned multibillion-dollar IPO by GoTo, Indonesia's most valuable start-up formed through the merger of ride-hailing and food delivery firm Gojek and e-commerce leader Tokopedia.
"We initially ran a non-deal roadshow for 10 days in a row and I was literally having 11 to 12 meetings every day from 8am till 11[m at night and these had to get extended as there was so much more interest," Bukalapak's president, Teddy Oetomo, a former banker, told Reuters in an interview.
The stellar debut pushed Bukalapak's market value to US$7.5 billion, placing it among Indonesia's top 15 most valued companies.
The e-commerce firm, which also counts local media and conglomerate Emtek Group and Microsoft among its backers, reported a 26 per cent rise in revenue to US$96 million in 2020, up 26 per cent on the year. Registered users stood at 105 million.
Bukalapak, which means "open stall" in Bahasa, works with 7 million agents or "mitra" - primarily street kiosks and mum-and-pop shops - whom it connects to consumer goods distributors, narrowing their supply chain and the costs of their wares.
It focuses on areas outside top-tier cities in the archipelago, and ranks behind Tokopedia, Sea's Shopee and Alibaba's Lazada in the e-commerce segment in terms of market share and gross merchandise value.
"Bukalapak's IPO shows that there is a large and vibrant market for homegrown Indonesian unicorns," said Antonio Puno, head of Southeast Asia corporate finance at Bank of America, the joint global coordinators for the issue with UBS.
Bukalapak increased its IPO size in multiple rounds and received roughly US$6.5 billion of interest from institutional and retail investors. The retail part of the IPO was doubled to 5 per cent.
Two sources familiar with the matter said the firm had priced its IPO at an enterprise value to sales multiple of 16 times based on next year's estimated sales.
"This IPO has also demonstrated that Southeast Asia technology companies can achieve a premium valuation for growth with significant demand," said Nicolo Magni, head of global banking for Southeast Asia and India at UBS.
"This creates a platform for other companies to have sizeable, highly successful offerings to list in Indonesia or other regional exchanges," he said.