CHICAGO: Fertiliser maker CF Industries Holdings expects a roughly US$2 billion price tag for a US plant it plans to build with Mitsui & Co to produce low-carbon ammonia for fuel, Chief Executive Tony Will said on Thursday (May 5).
The project, announced this week, aims to meet rising global demand for clean energy.
The companies will share the cost, with CF Industries owning 52 per cent of the intended joint venture and Mitsui owning the rest.
CF Industries has cash on hand thanks to booming prices for fertiliser and on Wednesday reported quarterly record earnings. Sanctions against exporters Russia and Belarus over Moscow's invasion of Ukraine have tightened global fertiliser supplies and boosted prices.
"Given the fact that we generated US$2.8 billion of free cash flow in the last 12 months, it's imminently affordable and not a crazy amount," Will told analysts about the plant's cost.
CF Industries, the world's largest ammonia producer, and Mitsui said they secured a site on the US Gulf Coast for the "blue ammonia" plant that could begin production in 2027. Ammonia is deemed "blue" when made with fossil fuel and a subsequent carbon capture and storage process.
The plant is expected to produce about 1 million to 1.4 million tonnes a year and will be aimed toward exports, Will said on the call.
"The US does not have a structured regulatory cost of carbon today, but much of the rest of the world does," he said.
CF Industries plans to oversee plant operations, while Mitsui will handle marketing and distribution into Asia.
The companies are focused on selling the product as marine fuel and will be used to generate electricity with coal in nations like Japan and Korea, Will said. He estimated that global usage of blue ammonia as marine fuel could double because it has "zero carbon emissions."
The consumption of oil for transportation is one of the top contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change.