(Corrects spelling of name 'Carol' in penultimate paragraph)
By Samuel Shen and Vidya Ranganathan
SHANGHAI : Chinese stock market investors are swapping big tech names for "small giants" and luxury brands for mass market companies, aiming to cash in on President Xi Jinping's "common prosperity" plan for the economy.
The intent behind Xi's drive is a narrower gap between the rich and poor in the world's second largest economy.
But the first policy moves rattled markets as authorities introduced heavy new regulations on industries such as technology, property and private tuition, sending shares in those sectors tumbling.
While some active fund managers have shunned China for the time being, others see opportunity in an economy aiming for a larger and richer middle class.
Chinese policymakers "are talking about how to go from a pear-shaped type of economy, which is bottom-heavy, top-light, into an olive shape," said Ronald Chan, Hong Kong-based Asia head of equities at Manulife Investment Management. "They are talking about how to split the pie going forward."
"Common prosperity" also embodies China's desire for self-sufficiency in technology and energy and for industry to move up the value chain, said Chan, who has been buying Chinese solar energy companies while avoiding luxury spirit brands.
Manulife's Greater China funds have also slashed holdings in tech giants such as Alibaba and Tencent over the past year, according to public disclosures.
While it is difficult to estimate how big overall investment swings have been - particularly as passively managed funds continue to seek stock index heavyweights - market moves have been sharp.
China's new energy index has surged more than 70per cent this year, while the property sector is down over 10per cent.
Among tech companies, those offering "hard" products and components have performed better than "soft technology", such as online providers.
The KraneShares CSI China Internet ETF has plunged nearly 40per cent so far this year, while China's start-up board ChiNext is up 13per cent and Shanghai's hardware-heavy STAR Market, has barely budged.
"We've seen a lot of very extreme sentiment on China. Is it going back to Maoism? Is it investible?" said William Sterling, global strategist at GW&K Investment Management, which invests in emerging markets including China.
"It seems very, very unlikely that even with these new policy initiatives, the government would want to throw away the dynamism of the economy that the country's capitalist engine has created."
Sterling bets Chinese consumer stocks will benefit from a growing middle class, but is avoiding property firms and related sectors such as cement and steel.
(For graphic on Winners vs losers under Common Prosperity - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/zgvomrozyvd/MR.GOLD-OWNERSHIPper cent20-per cent20Winnersper cent20andper cent20losersper cent20underper cent20China'sper cent20Commonper cent20Prosperityper cent20initiative.png)
Goldman Sachs has picked 50 "common prosperity" stocks in sectors including green and renewable energy, hard technology, higher-end manufacturing and mass but unique consumption brands.
Its list includes indigenous brands such as Xiaomi and Li Ning, chip makers Will Semiconductor and Hua Hong Semiconductor, as well as green energy companies LONGI Green Energy and Xinyi Solar.
Goldman advises investors to shun sectors vulnerable to regulatory headwinds including luxury consumption, soft tech with high data intensity, along with education, property, media and entertainment.
Investors are already piling into electric vehicles and chipmakers.
China Universal CSI New Energy Vehicle Industry Index ETF has seen its assets under management (AUM) nearly triple to 9 billion yuan (US$1.41 billion) this year, while the Guotai CES China Semiconductor Chips ETF has witnessed a near doubling in AUM.
Societe Generale has a "common prosperity" basket of 30 stocks, which includes consumer companies such as China Tourism, Anta Sports and Gree Electric, as well as tech firms including Luxshare Precision and Nari Technology.
In the medium term, "common prosperity" will improve the purchasing power of the lower-middle income group in China, therefore benefiting consumer staples and the service sector including tourism, catering and affordable healthcare, said Carol Liao, China economist at bond fund giant PIMCO.
"In the long run, a properly regulated business environment likely will benefit all investors, by reducing vulnerabilities in the system and ensuring a sustainable growth path."
(For graphic on Small caps vs large caps under Common Prosperity - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/akpezabxyvr/MR.GOLD-OWNERSHIPper cent20-per cent20Chinaper cent20smallper cent20capsper cent20outperformper cent20largeper cent20capsper cent20thisper cent20year.png)
(US$1 = 6.3999 Chinese yuan renminbi)
(Reporting by Samuel Shen; Additional reporting by Vidya Ranganathan in Singapore; Editing by Lincoln Feast.)