NEW YORK : The dollar fell broadly on Wednesday following a cooler-than-expected U.S. inflation report for July that raised expectations of a less aggressive interest rate hike cycle than previously anticipated from the Federal Reserve.
U.S. consumer prices were unchanged on a monthly basis in July as the cost of gasoline plunged, delivering the first notable sign of relief for Americans who have watched inflation climb over the past two years.
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast a 0.2 per cent rise in the monthly Consumer Price Index (CPI) on the heels of a roughly 20 per cent drop in the cost of gasoline.
The dollar index, which measures the currency's value against a basket of currencies, was down 1.025 per cent at 105.26 at 3:15 p.m. EDT (1915 GMT).
"This is good news for FX traders, as it was a pretty clear reaction and you will probably see that there still should be some follow-through," said Edward Moya, senior market analyst at OANDA.
The dollar was down 1.58 per cent at 132.97 yen, with the greenback briefly down as much as 2.3 per cent against the Japanese currency, its biggest decline since March 2020.
"In a backdrop where the market is becoming more content with FF (Fed funds) pricing, the yen's worst days appear to be over," analysts from TD Securities said in a client note. "A broad 130-135 range may be the new normal."
The Fed has indicated that several monthly declines in CPI growth will be needed before it lets up on the aggressive monetary policy tightening it has delivered to tame inflation currently running at four-decade highs.
Still, traders of futures tied to the U.S. central bank's benchmark overnight interest rate responded to Wednesday's inflation data by slashing bets that the Fed would enact a third straight 75-basis-point hike in September, and instead would opt for a half-percentage-point increase.
"What you are seeing is the market enjoying the possibility of the Fed moving toward a less hawkish, not dovish, but slightly less hawkish stance," said Quincy Krosby, chief global strategist at LPL Financial.
The euro climbed 0.83 per cent to $1.0297, while sterling gained 1.16 per cent to $1.22145, with both currencies on track for their best single-day performances since mid-June.
Minneapolis Fed President Neel Kashkari said that while the cooling in price pressures in July was "welcome," the Fed is "far, far away from declaring victory" and needs to raise the policy rate much higher than its current 2.25 per cent-2.50 per cent range.
Chicago Fed President Charles Evans said inflation is still "unacceptably" high, and the Fed will likely need to lift its policy rate to 3.25 per cent-3.50 per cent this year and to 3.75 per cent-4.00 per cent by the end of next year.
The Australian dollar, seen as a barometer of risk, was up 1.74 per cent at $0.7083.
Bitcoin, rattled by a drumbeat of cryptocurrency fund wipeouts and thefts over recent months, was up 2.1 per cent at $23,651.