NEW YORK :The dollar fell against major currencies on Tuesday after data showed a less-than-expected rise in U.S. inflation last month, creating uncertainty about the timing of the Federal Reserve's tapering of asset purchases.
Several Fed officials have suggested the U.S. central bank could reduce its buying of debt securities by the end of the year, but said an eventual interest rate hike would not happen for some time.
The Fed will hold a two-day monetary policy meeting next week, with investors keen to find out whether a tapering announcement will be made.
Tapering tends to benefit the dollar as it suggests the Fed is one step closer toward tighter monetary policy. It also means the central bank will be buying fewer debt assets, effectively reducing the number of dollars in circulation.
Data on Tuesday showing the U.S. consumer price index, excluding the volatile food and energy components, edged up just 0.1per cent last month has raised doubts about tapering this year, some analysts said.
August's core CPI rise was also the smallest gain since February and followed a 0.3per cent rise in July. The so-called core CPI increased 4.0per cent on a year-on-year basis after gaining 4.3per cent in July.
"The softer inflation prints caused investors to push back on bets that the Fed could move sooner to taper bond purchases. Easing inflation would take the heat off the Fed to move prematurely," said Fiona Cincotta, senior financial markets analyst at City Index.
She also cited U.S. core producer prices (PPI) data for August released last week, which also rose at a slower pace. Excluding the food, energy and trade services elements, producer prices rose 0.3per cent last month, the smallest gain since last November. The so-called core PPI shot up 0.9per cent in July.
"So the evidence does appear to be building that peak inflation has passed. That said, supply chain bottlenecks are expected to persist for a while so it's unlikely that either PPI or CPI will drop dramatically or rapidly," Cincotta added.
In afternoon trading, the dollar index was slightly down at 92.601, moving away from a more than a two-week high on Monday.
The euro was flat against the dollar at US$1.1807.
Risk appetite soured on Tuesday as well, with Wall Street shares down while U.S. Treasury prices were up sharply, pushing yields lower.
Investors looked past decelerating inflation and focused on uncertainties about U.S. growth now clouded by the economic impact of the Delta variant.
Against the safe-haven Swiss franc, the dollar dropped 0.4per cent to 0.9189 francs.
Versus another safe-haven, the Japanese yen, the dollar fell 0.4per cent to 109.615 ye
In other currencies, the Australian dollar fell to a two-week low after Reserve Bank of Australia Governor Philip Lowe painted a very dovish policy outlook with no rate hikes on the horizon until 2024.
The Aussie dollar was last down 0.7per cent at USUS$0.7319. In cryptocurrencies, bitcoin was last up 3.1per cent at US$46,400 . Ether changed hands at US$3,344, up 1.9per cent.
Currency bid prices at 2:57PM (1857 GMT)
Description RIC Last U.S. Close Pct Change YTD Pct High Bid Low Bid
Dollar index 92.6000 92.6260 -0.01per cent 2.911per cent +92.6650 +92.3210
Euro/Dollar US$1.1809 US$1.1810 -0.01per cent -3.35per cent +US$1.1846 +US$1.1801
Dollar/Yen 109.6250 110.0050 -0.34per cent +6.10per cent +110.1550 +109.5300
Euro/Yen 129.44 129.91 -0.36per cent +1.99per cent +130.1900 +129.4300
Dollar/Swiss 0.9192 0.9224 -0.35per cent +3.90per cent +0.9228 +0.9182
Sterling/Dollar US$1.3816 US$1.3841 -0.17per cent +1.13per cent +US$1.3912 +US$1.3815
Dollar/Canadian 1.2682 1.2642 +0.33per cent -0.40per cent +1.2686 +1.2602
Aussie/Dollar US$0.7319 US$0.7373 -0.73per cent -4.86per cent +US$0.7373 +US$0.7316
Euro/Swiss 1.0855 1.0888 -0.30per cent +0.44per cent +1.0904 +1.0855
Euro/Sterling 0.8545 0.8530 +0.18per cent -4.39per cent +0.8549 +0.8511
NZ US$0.7088 US$0.7118 -0.44per cent -1.31per cent +US$0.7151 +US$0.7084
Dollar/Norway 8.6450 8.6480 -0.21per cent +0.49per cent +8.6490 +8.5775
Euro/Norway 10.2120 10.2062 +0.06per cent -2.44per cent +10.2210 +10.1527
Dollar/Sweden 8.6040 8.6076 +0.04per cent +4.97per cent +8.6145 +8.5543
Euro/Sweden 10.1603 10.1560 +0.04per cent +0.83per cent +10.1740 +10.1300
(Reporting by Gertrude Chavez-Dreyfuss in New York; Additional reporting by Saikat Chatterjee in London and Shreyashi Sanyal in Bengalaru; Editing by Nick Zieminski and Paul Simao)