BEIJING: Authorities from Beijing to Chennai scrambled to fill a yawning power supply gap on Tuesday (Oct 12), triggering global stock and bond market wobbles on worries that rising energy costs will stoke inflation and curtail an economic recovery.
Power prices have surged to record highs in recent weeks, driven by shortages in Asia, Europe and the United States, with an energy crisis in China expected to last through to the end of the year and crimp growth in the world's second-largest economy and top exporter.
China on Tuesday took its boldest step in a decades-long power sector reform, saying it will allow coal-fired power plants to pass on the high costs of generation to some end-users via market-driven electricity prices.
Pushing all industrial and commercial users to the power exchanges and allowing prices to be set by the market is expected to encourage loss-making generators to increase output.
The impact of supply crunches in power and manufacturing components is showing up in data from Tokyo to London, adding to a deepening disquiet in global markets and underscoring the difficulty in cutting the world's dependency on polluting fossil fuels a month before global climate change talks.
A sell-off in global stocks and bonds extended into Tuesday, taking short-dated US Treasury yields to 18-month highs, while world stocks fell for a third straight day on fears that energy prices were putting a dampener on economic growth.
Data on Tuesday showed Japanese wholesale inflation hit 13-year highs last month, while shoppers in Britain slashed spending and China recorded a 20 per cent drop in car sales.
China's latest reform follows a raft of measures including urging coal miners to boost output and manage electricity demand at industrial plants to tame the record-high coal prices and to ease the power crunch across the country, with utilities unable to keep up with post-pandemic demand.
And in a move that could push up already high global prices, India on Tuesday allowed power producers to blend imported coal with local grades to meet increased demand.
Asia's third-largest economy is facing large-scale outages as several power plants have low coal inventories as a result of the sharp spike in global energy prices.
Earlier, India's power ministry warned states that federal power producers will curtail supply to them if their utilities are found selling power on exchanges to take advantage of surging prices.
The ministry said it had directed power companies to boost supply to the capital Delhi, whose chief minister warned on Saturday of a potential power crisis.
Oil rose towards US$84 a barrel on Tuesday, within sight of a three-year high, as a rebound in global demand after the COVID-19 pandemic caused price spikes and shortages in other energy sources. Coal has scaled record peaks and gas prices remain four times higher in Europe than at the start of 2021.
OPEC+, which groups the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and other oil producers led by Russia, is increasing output monthly to address recovering demand as it undoes curbs it put in place to support prices and oversupply.
The price of Brent crude has surged by more than 60 per cent this year, supported by those OPEC+ supply curbs as well as record European gas prices, which have encouraged a switch to oil in some places.
Brent crude was up 24 cents or 0.3 per cent at US$83.89 a barrel at 0810 GMT. On Monday it reached US$84.60, its highest since October 2018. US oil gained 21 cents or 0.3 per cent to US$80.73 and on Monday hit US$82.18, its highest since late 2014.
The sharp rise has meant OPEC+ has come under pressure from consumer nations, with a US official on Monday saying the White House stands by its calls for oil-producing countries to "do more" to ease the situation.
A Russian official said on Tuesday that energy giant Gazprom has started using its inventories to pump more natural gas into the pipeline network to stabilise surging prices.
Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov, in a BBC interview, rejected any suggestion that Russia was withholding gas from the European market. A group of European Parliament lawmakers has asked the European Commission to investigate Gazprom's role in the rising prices.
In France, President Emmanuel Macron said on Tuesday the country wants to be a leader in green hydrogen by 2030 and build new, smaller nuclear reactors as part of a 30 billion euro (US$35 billion) investment plan.