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Japan upgrades Q2 GDP on stronger business spending

TOKYO :Japan's economy grew faster than the initially estimated in the April-June quarter, helped by solid capital expenditure, although a resurgence in COVID-19 is undermining service-sector consumption and clouding the outlook.

Revised gross domestic product (GDP) data by the Cabinet Office released on Wednesday showed the economy grew an annualised 1.9per cent in April-June, beating economists' median forecast for a 1.6per cent gain and the initial estimate of a 1.3per cent expansion.

It followed Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga's announcement last Friday that he was stepping down, paving the way for the Sept. 29 ruling party leadership race, in which contenders will outline their plans to revive the world's third-largest economy.

The upward revision was caused by better-than-initially-estimated business spending, as a brisk global economic recovery powered capital expenditure and factory output, which more than offset weak service-sector activity.

Still, Japan's economic recovery remains fragile due to slow COVID-19 vaccinations and as pandemic restrictions hamper private-sector activity.

"Japan's recovery is lagging behind other advanced economies. As such, the economy's fully-fledged recovery needs to wait at least until early next year," said Takeshi Minami, chief economist at Norinchukin Research Institute.

However, global chip shortages may put a drag on Japanese car production and shipments while signs of China's economic slowdown emerge as sources of concern.

"The 1.9per cent April-June growth was not enough to push back the nearly 4per cent dip in January-March - less than a half of it," said Yoshiki Shinke, chief economist at Dai-ichi Life Research Institute. "On average, 'stalling' could be the main description of Japan's economy during the first half of 2021."

The second-quarter GDP growth figures translated into a quarter-on-quarter expansion of 0.5per cent in price-adjusted terms, better than an initial reading of a 0.3per cent growth and the median estimate for a 0.4per cent gain.

The capital expenditure component of GDP grew 2.3per cent in the second quarter from January-March, bigger than the median forecast for 2.0per cent growth and the preliminary 1.7per cent gain.

Private consumption, which accounts for more than half of Japan's GDP, grew 0.9per cent in April-June from the previous three months, up slightly from a preliminary estimate of a 0.8per cent gain.

Domestic demand contributed 0.8 percentage points to revised growth figures, while net exports - or exports minus imports - shaved 0.3 percentage point off the second quarter growth.

Separate data on Wednesday showed the economy watchers survey, a gauge of service-sector sentiment fell to a seven-month low in August and at the fastest pace since February 2020.

The government downgraded the watchers' overall assessment of the economy, saying "there are weaknesses in the recovery due to the effect of COVID-19."

The data came a day after a weaker-than-expected July household spending reading, which suggested the COVID-19 resurgence could have started hampering consumer activities even earlier in the current quarter.

(Reporting by Tetshshi Kajimoto and Kantaro Komiya; Editing by Sam Holmes)

Source: Reuters


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