SINGAPORE: Singapore LNG Corp is making enquiries about buying liquefied natural gas (LNG) cargoes from the spot market, a rare move for the operator of the city-state's LNG terminal, industry sources said on Wednesday (Oct 13).
The enquiries come on the back of surging prices globally of power generation fuels such as LNG and coal, amid power shortages from China and India to Europe.
Singapore LNG contributes to Singapore's energy security and its terminal supplies up to 30 per cent of the country's natural gas demand for power generation, its website says.
Singapore LNG is looking for LNG in the spot market privately, four sources said, with one of them adding that it is seeking up to two cargoes for delivery into Singapore in November.
It was not immediately clear why Singapore LNG was seeking the cargoes or if the request was firm.
The company and Singapore's Energy Market Authority (EMA) did not immediately reply to Reuters' request for comment.
It is unusual for Singapore to seek spot LNG cargoes as the country is typically adequately supplied with LNG through long-term deals and gas imports from Indonesia via a pipeline. One of the sources said the request from Singapore LNG came after Singapore's electricity prices jumped.
Singapore's monthly base load electricity futures have surged by more than double since the start of the month while the quarterly base load electricity energy futures are trading at their highest since the contract was launched in 2015.
About 95 per cent of Singapore's electricity is generated from imported natural gas with the country's long-term gas and LNG cargoes linked to oil prices.
Spot LNG prices in Asia surged to record highs last week while Brent crude oil futures spiked to multi-year highs this week. Singapore is the Asian trading hub for LNG and aims to capitalise on an expected rise in LNG demand in the region.
There are currently four companies that have licences to import LNG into the country under long-term contracts of one year or more, which allows them to sell LNG in Singapore.
Spot LNG may be imported for local use by Singapore gas users either in the form of LNG or re-gasified LNG, though the allowed annual quantity is capped at 10 per cent of total contracted gas volume under long-term gas sales agreements for both LNG and piped gas, according to Singapore LNG's website.
Singapore's long-term piped gas contracts with Indonesia start expiring from 2023, when the country has plans to import more LNG from the global market.