NEW YORK :Oil rose on Friday, gaining about 4per cent on the week as a global energy crunch boosted U.S. prices to their highest in almost seven years as big power users struggle to meet demand.
Even with worldwide demand growing as economic activity rebounds from pandemic lows, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allied producers (OPEC+) this week said they would remain on the path of gradually bringing back production.
Meanwhile the U.S. government said it was monitoring energy markets, but it did not announce immediate action to lower prices, such as a release from strategic petroleum reserves, which further supported the oil market.
Brent crude futures rose 44 cents, or 0.5per cent, to settle at US$82.39 a barrel. Earlier in the week, the global benchmark hit a three-year high of US$83.47.
West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude rose US$1.05, or 1.3per cent, to end at US$79.35. That was the highest close for the U.S. benchmark since Oct. 31, 2014.
U.S. gasoline futures also closed at their highest since October 2014 on Friday.
"The fundamental backdrop is one of tight supplies that is going to continue to push these prices steadily higher," said John Kilduff, a partner at Again Capital in New York.
As energy markets have tightened in the face of improved fuel demand, many fear that a cold winter could further strain natural gas supplies. China ordered miners in Inner Mongolia to ramp up coal production to alleviate its energy crunch.
"As other energy prices like natural gas and coal keep pushing higher, upside risks to the oil market have started to build," said Bank of America's Christopher Kuplent.
The price run-up has been spurred by soaring European gas prices, which have encouraged a switch to oil for power generation.
Benchmark European gas prices at the Dutch TTF hub on Friday stood at a crude oil equivalent of about US$200 a barrel, based on the relative value of the same quantity of energy from each source, according to Reuters calculations based on Eikon data.
"An acceleration in gas-to-oil switching could boost crude oil demand used to generate power this coming northern hemisphere winter," an ANZ commodities analyst said in a note.
ANZ increased its 2021 fourth-quarter crude oil demand forecast by 450,000 barrels per day.
(Reporting by Jessica Resnick-Ault, Scott DiSavino and Dmitry ZhdannikovAdditional reporting by Roslan Khasawneh in Singapore and Sonali Paul in MelbourneEditing by Marguerita Choy and David Gregorio)