TOKYO: Effissimo Capital Management has gained further backing in its push for a probe into Toshiba, but big stakes built up by investors like BlackRock have raised questions over how much influence it and other activist shareholders will ultimately wield.
Glass Lewis became on Friday (Mar 5) the second major proxy adviser to recommend shareholders vote in favour of an independent investigation into allegations that investors were pressured ahead of last year's annual general meeting.
Singapore-based Effissimo, which is Toshiba's top shareholder with a 9.9 per cent stake, made the proposal after investor complaints about the last AGM.
Reuters has reported the Harvard University endowment fund had been told by a Japanese government adviser that it could be subject to a regulatory probe if it voted against management at the AGM. The fund abstained from voting as a result and later learnt there was no basis for any probe, sources have said.
Toshiba conducted its own investigation into complaints about last year's AGM and found it was not involved in any effort to pressure the Harvard fund. It did not reach a conclusion as to whether there had been any pressure.
The vote about the proposed independent investigation will take place at an extraordinary shareholders' meeting on Mar 18.
Activist investors are estimated to hold about 25 per cent of Toshiba's shares, and their dissatisfaction with management saw chief executive Nobuaki Kurumatani only narrowly hang on to his job with 57 per cent of the vote at the last AGM.
Toshiba, however, was reinstated in the Topix index on Feb 25, requiring index-linked funds to purchase its shares - a shift that is expected to dilute the influence of activist shareholders in the longer term.
Both BlackRock and Mizuho Financial Group have built stakes of 5 per cent in Toshiba, filings on Friday and late on Thursday showed - stakes which sources familiar with the matter said likely reflect the need to have shares on hand for their customers.
Toshiba shares jumped 6 per cent on the news.
But to vote at the Mar 18 meeting, shareholders need to have held Toshiba shares as of Feb 1. It is unclear at what point BlackRock and Mizuho began additional share purchases.
BlackRock and Mizuho declined to comment.
Toshiba had no immediate comment.
Glass Lewis also joined Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) in recommending that a probe look into allegations of vote miscounting at last year's AGM.
Sumitomo Mitsui Trust Bank has acknowledged it made mistakes in the counting, but Effissimo says some irregularities have not been accounted for.
Unlike ISS, Glass Lewis also backed a proposal from United States hedge fund Farallon Capital Management, Toshiba's second-largest shareholder, which wants the board to present a five-year capital policy plan or make certain returns to shareholders.