NEW DELHI :South Korea has started importing naphtha from Tunisia, which in turn has seen a jump in supplies from Russia, highlighting the unusual trading routes that are emerging following Western sanctions against Moscow over its war in Ukraine.
South Korea, the world's largest importer of naphtha, last year bought 590,000 tonnes of the fuel used in petrochemicals from Russia, or nearly a quarter of its total naphtha imports, according to trade flow data from Refinitiv.
But those flows have now almost dried up, the figures show.
In the meantime, data from the state-run Korea National Oil Corp (KNOC) show Seoul imported 740,000 barrels - or about 82,000 tonnes - of naphtha from Tunisia last month.
That compares with none in the whole of 2021 and just 192,000 barrels in November 2020 - the only prior month of naphtha imports from Tunisia in KNOC data doing back to 2019.
Seoul is also set to receive about 274,000 tonnes of naphtha this month from Tunisia, according to the Refinitiv data.
"Re-routing is mainly to avoid the scrutiny of the West and take advantage of cheaper Russian barrels," Manish Sejwal, vice president of market analysis at Rystad Energy, said of the new trade route.
South Korea's trade ministry declined to comment. Tunisia's trade ministry did not respond to a request for comment.
Russian naphtha started landing at La Skhirra port in Tunisia from August this year and last month the North African nation shipped out its first cargo to South Korea, the Refinitiv data shows.
Tunisia, which rarely imports naphtha, received 410,000 tonnes of the light distillate from Russia in August-November this year, compared with none in the whole of 2021, according to the data.
"Tunisia does not import naphtha ... Tunisia exports it," an official at Tunisia's energy ministry said. He declined to be named as he is not authorised to speak to the media.
Last year, Tunisia exported an average 21,000 tonnes per month of naphtha, mostly to European nations, the Refinitiv data shows.
Russian industry sources said naphtha cargoes were shipped to La Skhirra for storage while traders await better prices.
Out of the nine vessels from Russia that went to Tunisia carrying naphtha, four were chartered by Coral Energy.
Coral Energy said it did not have storage in Tunisia and had chartered vessels for its non-Tunisian customers under the deals done on a delivered basis.
Vessels that have loaded from Russia's Novorossiysk port for discharge at Tunisia's La Skhirra
Vessel Volume Departure Date Arrival Date
BEKS FENIX 30.00 Oct. 29 Nov. 11
ROLLS I 30.00 Oct. 22 Oct. 31
JANINE K 29.94 Oct. 20 Oct. 28
RES COGITANS 50.00 Oct. 7 Oct. 17
LORELEI 56.09 Oct. 2 Oct. 11
LEADER 58.00 Sep. 2 Sep. 28
ARIEL 28.80 Sep. 1 Sep. 11
LORELEI 62.62 Aug. 16 Aug. 31
MAISTROS 64.60 Aug. 6 Aug. 23
Vessels that have departed from Tunisia's La Skhirra port for discharge in South Korea
Vessel Volume Departure Discharge Arrival
(KT) date Port Date
STI ALEXIS 70.00 Oct. 28 Yeosu (Yosu) Nov. 27
STELLATA 23.00 Oct. 11 Daesan Nov. 22
STELLATA 32.00 Oct. 11 Kwangyang Nov. 16
SERIANA 86.00 Oct. 3 Kwangyang Nov. 10
SPETSES LADY 63.00 Sep. 28 Daesan Nov. 2
SPETSES LADY 24.50 Sep. 28 Kwangyang Oct. 28
(Additional reporting by Heekyong Yang and Joyce Lee in Seoul, and Tarek A. Amara in Tunisia; Editing by Nidhi Verma and Mark Potter)