SYDNEY: Australia's second-largest state of Victoria on Sunday (May 2) committed to cut greenhouse gas emissions by up to 50 per cent by 2030, based on 2005 levels, and to power all government operations like schools and hospitals with renewable energy within the next four years.
One of the world's largest carbon emitters on a per capita basis, Australia is under mounting pressure to cut greenhouse gas emissions after its centre-right federal government failed to match new targets pledged by the United States and others at a global climate summit.
Calling it an "ambitious" goal, the Victorian government, led by the centre-left labour party, said the medium-term plans were in line with the Paris Agreement on climate change and with new targets announced by US President Joe Biden at last month's global summit.
"These targets are double Australia's national target," Victoria's Environment Minister Lily D'Ambrosio said in a social media post. "Our target stands shoulder to shoulder with President Biden's (and) will reduce emissions and create jobs across the economy – from agriculture to transport to energy."
Australia's system of federal and state governments separates responsibility for regulating different services.
As part of the plan, Victoria will spend A$100 million (US$77 million) to transform its transport sector, the state's second-biggest source of emissions.
It will also offer subsidies of as much as A$3,000 each for up to 20,000 purchases of "zero-emissions vehicles". The government has set a target for zero-emissions vehicles to account for 50 per cent of all new car sales in the state by 2030.
By comparison, the conservative federal government has pledged to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 26 per cent to 28 per cent from 2005 levels by 2030, and said it would not provide subsidies to spur growth of cleaner cars.
Victoria will also spend close to A$20 million in agriculture carbon credits and in research and trials of new feed to reduce emissions from livestock.
State services like schools, hospitals, police stations and trains will be powered with 100 per cent renewable electricity by 2025, an Australian first, Deputy Premier James Merlino said in a statement.
The state had cut its emissions by 24.8 per cent based on 2005 levels, and was on track to meet its 2025 target of a cut of 28 to 33 per cent, the statement added.