Skip to main content



commentary Commentary

Commentary: Half a billion on Halloween pet costumes? The US’ out-of-control consumerism

The Palo Alto neighbourhood alone, where Silicon Valley’s tech stars live, is a sight to behold as local moguls try to outdo each other on Halloween decorations, candy and bands, says Jay L Zagorsky.

Commentary: Half a billion on Halloween pet costumes? The US’ out-of-control consumerism

Dog wearing a Superman costume. (Photo: Unsplash/Elias Castillo)

BOSTON, Massachusetts: Halloween spending is out of control.

Americans are expected to spend US$8.8 billion on candy, costumes and decorations this year – or US$86 for every person who plans to celebrate. 

That includes a half a billion dollars on costumes that Americans are buying for their pets, which is double the amount they spent a decade ago. Pumpkins and hot dogs are the favourites.

How did a holiday that began as a way to honour the dead morph into just another ritual of over-the-top American consumption? 

As a relatively frugal person who has reused the same Halloween costumes for years, I found the US$86 figure shocking. But I’m hardly the first economist to moan about out-of-control consumerism.

Child holding a jack-o-lantern. (Photo: Unsplash/Julia Raasch)


Halloween started as a Celtic holiday honouring the dead.

It was then adopted by the Catholic Church as a time to remember saints. One research paper described Halloween as an “evolving American consumption ritual”, but a better description might be an over-the-top spending ritual.

READ: Commentary: Turning trash into treasure - teaching kids to create, not consume, through upcycling

To put the US$8.8 billion being spent on Halloween in context, the budget for the entire National Park Service is only US$4 billion. The US spends less than US$2 billion on flu vaccines.

The US$86 average may not give us an accurate look at per-person spending. 

Only about two-thirds of respondents to the National Retail Federation’s annual survey of Halloween spending said they were celebrating the holiday. And while some spend nothing, others go overboard.

As just one example, the Palo Alto neighbourhood where Silicon Valley’s tech stars live is a sight to behold as local moguls try to outdo each other on Halloween decorations, candy and bands.

READ: Commentary: 3 reasons Forever 21’s bankruptcy doesn't spell the end of brick-and-mortar retailing

People standing near a house decorated for Halloween. (Photo: Unsplash/neonbrand)


In the late 1890s, an economist named Thorstein Veblen looked at spending in society and wrote an influential book called The Theory of the Leisure Class, which explained reasons why people spend. 

It laid out the idea that some goods and services are bought simply for conspicuous consumption.

Conspicuous consumption is designed to show others you are rich, smart or important. In Veblen’s mind, conspicuous consumption was spending more money on items than they are really worth. 

READ: Commentary: The future of Singapore e-commerce is in brick and mortar

Veblen pointed out that people buy homes with rooms that are rarely used, just to show off the owner’s wealth.

If Veblen were writing about the world today, he would probably not focus on real estate. Instead, he might be using examples of people trying to attract attention on Instagram by dressing their pets in expensive costumes.

Understanding how much people spend on holidays like Halloween and other activities is important because this shows what society values. 

And apparently, we value what others can see us consume.

Jay L Zagorsky is senior lecturer at Questrom School of Business in Boston University. This commentary first appeared on The Conversation.

Source: CNA/nr


Also worth reading