Hong Kong demand for VPNs surges on heels of China's plan for national security laws

Hong Kong demand for VPNs surges on heels of China's plan for national security laws

FILE PHOTO: As China has stepped up efforts to block unauthorized websites and VPN systems
FILE PHOTO: As China has stepped up efforts to block unauthorized websites and VPN systems to circumvent the ban, countries around the world are imposing rules that threaten the unified internet. (AFP/Fred Dufour)

HONG KONG: Demand for virtual private networks in Hong Kong surged more than six-fold last Thursday (May 21) as Beijing proposed tough new national security laws for the financial hub, reflecting concerns over internet privacy, according to a VPN provider.

Atlas VPN said installations of the tool that helps people bypass web restrictions surged again on Friday, up more than three-fold from the previous day, while search interest in the keyword term "VPN" rocketed 1,680 per cent on May 21 from a day earlier.

Search interest in the word "VPN" hit a record high on Friday, it added, citing data from Google Trends.

Hong Kong returned to Chinese rule in 1997 and is governed under a "one country, two systems" formula that guarantees it a high degree of autonomy not seen in China.

READ: Hong Kong security, police chiefs warn of growing 'terrorism' as China security laws loom

The former British colony also enjoys unrestricted Internet access, unlike in China where the likes of Google, Facebook and Twitter are blocked.

Beijing's plans to directly enact national security legislation sent a chill through financial markets and drew a swift rebuke from foreign governments, international human rights and privacy groups, who fear it could lead to increased surveillance and censorship.

Hong Kong police said they arrested more than 180 people on Sunday, when authorities fired tear gas and water cannon to disperse anti-government protests over the planned security legislation.

READ: Hong Kong - nearly a year of unrest

"If Hong Kong falls under the same digital restrictions as Chinese citizens in the near future, then we can expect an even higher interest in VPN services," said Rachel Welsh, chief operating officer of Atlas VPN.

The security legislation aims to tackle secession, subversion and terrorist activities in Hong Kong, one of the world's leading financial hubs.

Hong Kong and Chinese officials have sought to reassure investors their interests would not be harmed and said the laws would only target a minority of "troublemakers" who had posed "imminent danger" to China's national security.

MORE: Our coverage of the Hong Kong protests

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Source: Reuters/lk(ac)

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