HONG KONG: Dozens of exhausted protesters barricaded inside a Hong Kong university defied warnings Tuesday (Nov 19) to surrender, as a police siege of the campus dragged into a third day and China sent fresh signals that its patience with nearly six months of unrest was running out.
High school students were among those holed up inside the battered Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU), fearing arrest or being shot at by police, with many huddled in silver emergency survival blankets to keep themselves warm.
Some protesters escaped overnight by slithering down ropes from a footbridge to a road below, where they were whisked away on motorbikes.
Others disappeared into manholes to try to probe the drainage system for a route out.
In an apparently co-ordinated effort to distract police during the escape operation, tens of thousands of people streamed towards the PolyU campus as clashes simultaneously raged with police in nearby Kowloon district.
The stand-off is the most intense and prolonged of the Hong Kong crisis, which has seen millions take to the streets since June to voice anger at China eroding the territory's freedoms.
Protesters said supplies, including food, were dwindling rapidly.
"There have been so many people who have sacrificed for this," said a 21-year-old university student, who identified himself as T, who had escaped from the university on Tuesday.
"Some people just don't give a shit. They just want to sit back and wait for a successful result," he said.
NEW PHASE OF VIOLENCE
A new phase of mass disruption last week caused chaos throughout the international financial hub, with schools closed, train lines disrupted and major roads blocked by barricades.
The move by hundreds of hardcore protesters to take over PolyU at the weekend was also a new tactic.
Previously they had focused on lightning strike protests and acts of vandalism.
The siege at PolyU had seen protesters repelling police surges with a barrage of Molotov cocktails, arrows and bricks. They also set fire to the university entrance on Monday.
After one officer near the campus was shot in the leg by an arrow, which had apparently been fired from one of the university archery kits being used by the protesters, police warned they were prepared to use live rounds.
Footage on Monday showed armoured police beating fallen protesters with batons as they lay on the ground.
One officer was filmed stamping on the head of a man who was already subdued.
Alleged police brutality is one of the central complaints of the protest movement, but senior officers say their officers are acting in accordance with the law.
The former British colony appointed a new head of police, Chris Tang, on Tuesday to oversee the city's force of more than 30,000 officers. Tang said the force was not able to end the protests alone.
He also said "fake news" was undermining the reputation of Hong Kong police.
About 1,000 people had been arrested throughout Hong Kong over the previous 24 hours, Chief Superintendent Kwok Ka-chuen said on Tuesday afternoon.
This was roughly a fifth of all arrests since the unrest began in June.
Kwok said those arrested included some who had abseiled from the footbridge, as well as motorcyclists who helped them.
And in an apparent contradiction of Lam, Kwok insisted everyone would feel the force of the law.
"No excuse, no political demand or motive can spare anyone from legal liability," he said.
"Regardless of their age and causes, they are to face the consequences of their own actions."
In her first public comments on the PolyU crisis, Hong Kong chief executive Carrie Lam on Tuesday morning said the remaining protesters must surrender if there was to be a peaceful ending.
"This objective could only be achieved with the full cooperation of the protesters, including of course the rioters that they have to stop violence, give up the weapons and come out peacefully and take the instructions from the police," Lam told a press conference.
Lam said children who surrendered would not be arrested, though protesters aged over 18 would face charges of rioting.
But, with police custody their best option, some those who remained inside voiced determination to remain.
"Even if we surrender they will still put us to jail. It seems we have two options, but actually we only have one ... which is jail," one of the protesters, a mechanical engineering student who gave his name as Matthew, told AFP inside the campus.
Lam said about 100 people remained inside on Tuesday morning.
The UN human rights office said on Tuesday that some demonstrators' resorting to extreme violence, including against police, was "deeply regrettable and cannot be condoned" and voiced concern that the situation could deteriorate further.
Spokesman Rupert Colville urged Hong Kong authorities to de-escalate the situation at the PolyU campus and address the humanitarian situation of those inside, "which is clearly deteriorating".
"POWER TO END"
With the crisis deepening, China's ambassador to Britain upped the ante on Monday.
"The Hong Kong government is trying very hard to put the situation under control," Liu Xiaoming said.
"But if the situation becomes uncontrollable, the central government would certainly not sit on our hands and watch. We have enough resolution and power to end the unrest."
China insisted Tuesday it had sole authority to rule on constitutional matters in Hong Kong.
The warning came as it condemned a decision by the city's high court on Monday to overturn a ban on face masks worn by protesters.
Only China's parliament has the right to rule on Hong Kong's Basic Law - the city's mini-constitution, Zang Tiewei, a spokesman for the body, said in comments carried by state-run media.
"No other institution has the right to make judgments or decisions," Zang said, according to a state media report posted on the parliament's website.
Zang's comments will deepen concerns that Beijing is chipping away at the autonomy of the financial hub - the fundamental fear driving the popular movement.
A mainland scholar who requested anonymity to speak freely about such a sensitive subject said while the parliament had the right to take away what it gave, the timing of the announcement was ill-advised.
"Such a statement would gravely affect people's views on the principle of 'one country, two systems'."
A brief appearance by Chinese soldiers on Hong Kong's streets over the weekend - supposedly to clean up debris - had also fuelled concerns that Beijing could intervene militarily to end the crisis.
Asked Tuesday under what conditions she would ask the PLA's garrison in Hong Kong for help, Lam said if the city's authorities could not competently deal with the "rioters" and escalating violence.
"But right now we are still displaying and demonstrating competence to handle the situation ourselves," Lam said.
Protests started in June as a peaceful condemnation of a now-shelved China extradition bill.
They morphed into a broader movement to defend the city's unique freedoms, which were meant to be enshrined in the Basic Law when Hong Kong was handed over by Britain in 1997.
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