JAKARTA: Indonesia will increase maritime security operations near some of its islands in the South China Sea after a Chinese coastguard vessel was spotted nearby, raising suspicions about its intentions, a senior security official said on Tuesday (Sep 15).
The vessel entered Indonesia's 200-nautical-mile exclusive economic zone off the northern Natuna islands on Saturday and left on Monday after radio challenges over jurisdiction, Aan Kurnia, chief of the maritime security agency Bakamla, told Reuters.
Under international law, innocent passage is permitted through another country's exclusive economic zone, but Aan said the vessel was lingering too long.
"Because this one floated, then went circling, we became suspicious, we approached it and learned that it was a Chinese coastguard vessel," he said, adding the navy and coastguard would boost operations in the area.
Wang Wenbin, China's foreign ministry spokesman, said the ship was undertaking "normal patrol duties in waters under Chinese jurisdiction".
"China's rights and interests in the relevant waters in the South China Sea are clear," Wang told a news conference.
Indonesia renamed the northern reaches of its exclusive economic zone in 2017 as the North Natuna Sea, pushing back against China's maritime territorial ambitions.
While China has made no claim to islands, the presence of its coastguard nearly 2,000km off its mainland has concerned Indonesia, after numerous encounters between Chinese vessels in the exclusive economic zones of Malaysia, the Philippines and Vietnam, which disrupted fishing and energy activities.
A weeks-long standoff occurred 10 months ago when a Chinese coastguard vessel and accompanying fishing boats entered the northern Natuna Sea, prompting Indonesia to send fighter jets and mobilise its own fishermen.
China's coastguard often operates alongside fishing boats described by experts as state-backed militia.
The "nine-dash line" on Chinese maps denoting its vast maritime claims includes waters off the Natuna islands. An international arbitration panel in 2016 invalidated that line.
Indonesia's foreign ministry spokesman Teuku Faizasyah reiterated that Jakarta does not recognise the line.