JAKARTA: Indonesia's two presidential candidates pledged on Sunday (Feb 17) to achieve energy self-sufficiency by boosting the use of bioenergy, particularly fuelled by palm oil, to cut costly oil imports by Southeast Asia's biggest economy.
Indonesia, the world's biggest palm oil producer, has been pushing for all diesel fuel used in the country to contain biodiesel to boost palm consumption, slash fuel imports, and narrow a yawning current account gap.
In a televised election debate, President Joko Widodo said if he won a second term the government planned to implement a B100 programme, referring to fuel made entirely from palm oil, after last year making it mandatory to use biodiesel containing 20 per cent bio-content (B20).
"We hope 30 per cent of total palm production will go to biofuel. The plan is clear, so we will not rely on imported oil," Widodo said, adding that Indonesia's crude palm oil production had reached 46 million tonnes a year.
Agreeing on the importance of bioenergy for self-sufficiency, his opponent Prabowo Subianto said if elected he would also "boost the use of palm oil, palm sugar, cassava and ethanol from sugar (cane)".
The challenger did not elaborate on his bioenergy plan, but his campaign team has proposed using millions of hectares of degraded land to cultivate palm sugar to produce energy.
Widodo's government has previously said it would offer incentives for developers of B100, which the net oil importer hopes can replace fuel imports within three years.
Indonesia's state energy company PT Pertamina has signed an agreement with Italian oil company Eni to develop a refinery in Indonesia that would produce fuel completely derived from crude palm oil (CPO).
Oil imports have contributed to Indonesia's widening current account deficit and the volatility of the rupiah currency. The government claimed that its biodiesel programme would save billions of dollars in diesel fuel imports.
Although retired general Prabowo agreed with Widodo on several points during the debate, he said Indonesia's "land and water, and the resources within" must be controlled by the government.
"We are of the view that the government must be present in detail, thoroughly, firmly and actively to correct inequalities in wealth," he said.
The challenger said the proportion of small farmers' holdings in the country's palm plantations should also be larger. Smallholders currently account for roughly 40 per cent of Indonesia's 12 million hectares of palm oil plantations.
Both candidates expressed support for greater control of Indonesian natural resources.
President Widodo hightlighted Pertamina's takeover of stewardship of major oil and gas blocks from foreign operators, and an agreement for a state company to purchase a 51 per cent stake in the giant Grasberg copper mine from Freeport McMoRan.
'NOISE, SMOKE WAS FIREWORKS'
Earlier, Indonesian police said a suspected explosion outside the venue of the live presidential debate in the capital Jakarta was caused by fireworks.
Police officials said a loud noise was heard and thick grey smoke was seen immediately after in the area, where dozens of supporters of Widodo and Prabowo had gathered. There were no immediate reports of casualties or injuries.
"It was fireworks. We are still working on it," national police spokesman Dedi Prasetyo told Reuters.
Unverified videos circulating on social media showed people running away from thick smoke in a parking lot and several police officers cordoning off an area near the hotel.
Indonesia is set to go to the polls on Apr 17.