North Korea's Kim pledges to strengthen nuclear arsenal

North Korea's Kim pledges to strengthen nuclear arsenal

FILE PHOTO: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un inspects the intercontinental ballistic missile Hwasong
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un inspects the intercontinental ballistic missile Hwasong-14 in this undated photo released by North Korea's Korean Central News Agency in Pyongyang on Jul 5, 2017. (Photo: KCNA via REUTERS)

SEOUL: North Korean leader Kim Jong Un pledged to strengthen his country's nuclear arsenal in his closing address to a top ruling party meeting, state media reported on Wednesday (Jan 13), days before Joe Biden takes office as US president.

Kim is looking to grab the attention of the incoming Biden administration, analysts say, with his country more isolated than ever after closing its borders to protect itself against the coronavirus pandemic.

A nuclear summit between Kim and outgoing US President Donald Trump in Hanoi in February 2019 broke down over sanctions relief and what Pyongyang would be willing to give up in return.

"We must further strengthen the nuclear war deterrent while doing our best to build up the most powerful military strength," Kim told the Workers' Party congress, footage broadcast on Korea Central Television showed.

Thousands of delegates and attendees - none of them wearing masks - repeatedly rose to their feet to interrupt his speech with applause.

READ: North Korea's Kim Jong Un vows to boost military capabilities at rare party congress

Earlier in the eight-day meeting, which has lasted twice as long as the previous gathering in 2016, Kim called the US "the fundamental obstacle to the development of our revolution and our foremost principal enemy".

Its policy towards the North "will never change, whoever comes into power", he added, without mentioning Biden by name.

The North had completed plans for a nuclear-powered submarine, he said - a strategic game-changer - and offered a shopping list including hypersonic gliding warheads, military reconnaissance satellites and solid-fuel intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

Pyongyang's weapons programmes have made rapid progress under Kim, and at a parade in October it showed off a huge new ICBM that analysts said was the largest road-mobile, liquid-fuelled missile in the world.

The change of leadership in Washington presents a challenge for North Korea: Biden is associated with the Obama administration's "strategic patience" approach and characterised Kim as a "thug" during the presidential debates.

The North, meanwhile, has called Biden a "rabid dog" that "must be beaten to death with a stick".

Kim and Trump had a tumultuous relationship, engaging in mutual insults and threats of war before an extraordinary diplomatic bromance featuring headline-grabbing summits and declarations of love by the outgoing US president.

READ: 'Our biggest enemy': North Korea's Kim says US policy doesn't change with presidents

The change of leadership in Washington presents a challenge for North Korea: Biden is associated with the Obama administration's "strategic patience" approach and characterised Kim as a "thug" during the presidential debates.

The North, meanwhile, has called Biden a "rabid dog" that "must be beaten to death with a stick".

Kim and Trump had a tumultuous relationship, engaging in mutual insults and threats of war before an extraordinary diplomatic bromance featuring headline-grabbing summits and declarations of love by the outgoing US president.

Kim's latest comments built on his rhetoric earlier in the congress while leaving a door open for dialogue, said Hong Min of the Korea Institute for National Unification in Seoul.

"It is a message to the US that it will continue to build up its strategic arsenal unless the US changes its course on North Korea policy," he told AFP.

"If Washington treats it nicely, it will act nice, but if it treats it harshly, it will act harshly too."

"SENSELESS"

The congress is the top ruling party gathering, a grand political set-piece that reinforces the regime's authority and can serve as a platform for announcements of policy shifts or elite personnel changes.

At the gathering, Kim was named the party General Secretary, a title previously reserved for his father and predecessor Kim Jong Il, in what analysts said was a move to reinforce his authority.

The North's economy is struggling in the face of its self-imposed coronavirus blockade, mismanagement and sanctions, and Kim repeatedly admitted at the meeting that mistakes had been made.

"Almost all sectors fell a long way short of the set objectives" in the country's previous economic plan, he said earlier.

The Korean Central News Agency reported that the congress will be followed on Sunday by a meeting of the Supreme People's Assembly, the North's rubber-stamp legislature.

READ: Mixed signals for North Korean leader's sister as Kim seeks to cement power

And Kim's influential sister Kim Yo Jong indicated that a military parade had been scheduled to accompany the congress.

In a statement carried by KCNA, she derided the "idiot" authorities in Seoul after the South's joint chiefs of staff said it had detected signs of a possible military parade in Pyongyang at the weekend.

The declaration was "senseless" and a demonstration of a "hostile attitude" by the South, she added.

"We are only holding a military parade in the capital city, not military exercises targeting anybody nor launch of anything."

Kim Yo Jong had appeared to suffer a demotion at the party congress, not appearing on the lists of those appointed to the party central committee, after previously being an alternate member.

But the issuing of a statement in her own name is an indication she remains a key player in the North's diplomacy, having been behind its destruction of a liaison office on its side of the border last year.

The South's President Moon Jae-in brokered the talks process between Kim and Trump, and said in his New Year address that Seoul remained willing to talk to Pyongyang "at any time and any place", including online.

But since the process with Washington became deadlocked, the North has repeatedly said it has no interest in discussions with the South.

Source: AFP/lk/vc

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