BANGKOK: A strong Thai baht and a slowdown in arrivals from China are battering the kingdom's moneymaking tourism machine even as the country hopes to welcome a record 40 million visitors by the end of the year.
Most travellers to Thailand are from China and other countries in the region, but millions also come from Europe and the US and currency conversion rates impact decisions when budgeting for trips.
"It absolutely has an effect, when compared to other Asian country currencies they would rather go to Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore or Indonesia," said Wichit Prakobgosol, president of the Association of Thai Travel Agents.
Before the baht strengthened, Chinese visits were already flagging after a boating disaster in Phuket last year killed dozens of mainland tourists.
Visits from China fell almost five per cent in the first six months of the year compared to the same period in 2018, according to official statistics.
Past surges are also unlikely to repeat.
Last year total visits from all countries rose more than 7.5 per cent compared to 2017. But after the first half of this year the increase was only climbing towards 1.5 per cent.
Tourism and currency woes weighed on economic growth, which slid to 2.3 per cent in the second quarter this year - the lowest in almost five years.
US-China trade tensions have roiled markets but Thailand has been less impacted than other countries in the region that have more exposure to global supply chains.
Solid fundamentals, such as healthy foreign-exchange reserves and a current-account surplus, have also helped the Thai unit.
Last week Thailand proposed a US$10 billion economic stimulus package that included spending money to boost domestic tourism and visa-free proposals for Chinese as well as Indian travellers, whom travel operators are hoping to court.
"This measure will make it an easier decision for tourists in those two main markets (to visit Thailand)," said Chattan Kunjara Na Ayudhya, the deputy governor of international marketing for the tourism authority.
Conceding there might be some impact of a stronger baht on hotels and shopping, he said he was confident more visitors would come this year due to relaxed visa rules.
Though popular sites are not as crowded as usual, Thailand is still a relatively inexpensive destination with picture-perfect beaches and world-famous street food.