BEIJING: China's long-awaited nationwide carbon trading market has completed preparation work and is waiting for the green light from authorities, the Shanghai Securities News reported on Tuesday (Nov 14), citing China's top climate official Xie Zhenhua.
"(The market) will be pushed out once it has received approval," it quoted Mr Xie as saying on the sidelines of the latest round of climate negotiations in the German city of Bonn.
China, the world's biggest source of climate-warming greenhouse gases, originally planned to launch a nationwide emission trading scheme (ETS) in 2016 after a first phase of trading on seven local pilot projects.
But as part of pledges made ahead of climate negotiations in Paris in 2015, it pledged to launch the nationwide ETS in 2017.
By the end of September, an accumulated total of 197 million tonnes of carbon dioxide has been traded in the pilot cities with a total value of 4.5 billion yuan (US$677.45 million).
Once launched, China's ETS is expected to become the world's biggest, overtaking the European Union's.
However, government officials and researchers have warned that the scheme is still facing problems and needs further improvements due to unreliable data and other regulatory problems.
A deputy director at a government think tank told reporters last week in a presser that he didn't expect the trading market to be in full swing until early next year.
The country also vowed to raise the share of non-fossil fuels to 20 per cent of its total energy mix by 2020 and bring carbon emissions to a peak by around 2030.
"It is very likely for China to cap carbon emissions by around 2030," said Mr Xie, adding that China has identified 87 pilot cities across the country to explore ways to cut emissions.
Despite Beijing's efforts to boost renewable energy consumption, coal-fired power remains the major source of electricity in the country, accounting for 65.2 per cent of total power generation in 2016.
Last month, thermal power generation in China fell 2.8 per cent from a year earlier, while power generated from hydro and solar rose 16.9 percent and 35.7 percent respectively.
Coal-fired power capacity across the country is expected to be capped at 1,100 gigawatts by 2020, the National Energy Administration said on Monday.