KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysia's government has been criticised over plans to redraw electoral boundaries ahead of possible snap polls, with the opposition accusing it of gerrymandering to keep embattled Prime Minister Najib Razak in power.
The Election Commission, whose members are picked by the government, has said it intends to reorganise boundaries in 112 parliamentary seats - about half the national total - as well as 445 of the 576 state seats.
Opposition lawmaker Tony Pua from the Democratic Action Party (DAP) said the new boundaries are designed to ensure a win for Najib, who is embroiled in a massive corruption scandal involving state investment fund 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB).
"With Najib Razak's popularity at the lowest in the history of prime ministers, and a 1MDB scandal that just refuses to go away, Najib has to find the formula to win the elections," Pua said on Thursday (Sep 22).
He said the rearrangement aims to bundle opposition-inclined voters into "super-constituencies" with more than 100,000 voters, while breaking up ruling party supporters into smaller, multiple constituencies.
The move would favour the dominant United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) which leads the 13-party ruling Barisan Nasional coalition, by allowing it to win maximum seats with the least possible votes, opposition politicians said.
Bigger political constituencies could also hobble the opposition which has limited financial and manpower resources to garner votes.
National polls have to be called by mid-2018, but there is speculation that Najib will call snap elections next year in a bid to renew his mandate.
The 63-year-old premier is clinging to power despite increasingly damaging allegations that he took part in the looting of billions in state funds. Najib and 1MDB have repeatedly denied wrongdoing in the scandal.
UMNO has been in power in Malaysia since independence in 1957.
"This systemic rigging been going on for the past few decades," said James Chin, the director of the Asia Institute at the University of Tasmania. "There is no doubt this is blatant gerrymandering. Najib is set to win again soon even before the first vote is cast."
Najib denied the accusations in a press conference on Friday, saying that Barisan Nasional's 13 component parties, including his own UMNO, have their own concerns regarding the Election Commission's proposal.
"It's not true that UMNO is accepting everything. UMNO has many different views on the (redelineation) proposal," he said, without giving anything away on the possibility of a 2017 general election.
At the event on Friday, Barisan Nasional's secretary-general Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor said that he will engage all the component parties at an upcoming committee meeting before lodging objections with the commission.
"There is no gerrymandering. It's not true - we do have concerns," he said.
Electoral Commission chairman Mohamad Hashim Abdullah has also rubbished the allegations, and urged critics to file objections before Oct 14, adding that the proposals were not final.
In the 2013 election, Barisan Nasional won 47 per cent of the popular vote but took 60 per cent of the 222 parliamentary seats.
The opposition coalition, Pakatan Rakyat, won a majority of the popular vote, with 51 per cent but garnered only 40 per cent of the seats.