REUTERS: Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway Inc committed US$10 billion on Tuesday to Occidental Petroleum Corp's US$38 billion cash-and-stock bid for Anadarko Petroleum Corp, boosting its chances of snatching a deal from Chevron Corp.
Occidental and Chevron are locked in the biggest oil-industry takeover battle in years as they eye Anadarko's prized assets in West Texas' huge Permian shale oilfield.
Anadarko on Monday agreed to start negotiations with Occidental, saying its bid may potentially be superior to Chevron's existing deal to buy Anadarko for US$33 billion in cash and stock.
Berkshire's cash provides Occidental with flexibility to fund and even increase its proposal. Anadarko has previously expressed reservations about the risk of Occidental having to get any deal voted through by its own shareholders.
Occidental could now use the majority of the Berkshire investment to add cash to its bid and remove the requirement for a vote, if it so chooses.
T. Rowe Price Group, an influential Occidental shareholder, said on Tuesday it was "very concerned" about the deal, and that it could vote against the board at Occidental's upcoming shareholder meeting if the company tried to circumvent giving stockholders a say on the Anadarko transaction, according to a report on Barron's website.
T. Rowe Price is Occidental's sixth-largest shareholder, according to Refinitiv Eikon data.
The Berkshire investment, contingent on Occidental completing its proposed acquisition of Anadarko, could also repay some of the debt being taken on to finance the deal's cash portion, or cover the US$10 billion to US$15 billion of proceeds from asset sales which Occidental plans in the two years after closing the acquisition.
Analysts said Buffett's endorsement supports Occidental's push to get the deal done but comes at a high cost.
Berkshire Hathaway will get 100,000 preferred shares and a warrant to purchase up to 80 million shares of Occidental at US$62.50 apiece in a private offering, a statement from Occidental said.
The preferred stock will accrue dividends at 8 percent per annum, compared with about 5 percent yield on common equity and 4 percent on term debt, Tudor Pickering Holt analyst Matthew Portillo said.
"For Occidental shareholders, our view is this is a fairly expensive cost of financing for the transaction even though it carries a kind of nice headline of having Berkshire Hathaway participate in the potential financing here."
It is rare for Buffett to participate in a bidding war for a company. The last time he did this was in 2016, supporting a consortium including Quicken Loans Inc founder Dan Gilbert that tried unsuccessfully to buy Yahoo Inc's internet assets.
Shares of Occidental closed 2.1per cent lower at US$58.88, while Anadarko shares were down about 0.1per cent at US$72.85. Chevron shares rose 2per cent to US$120.06.
A Chevron spokesman reiterated that the San Roman, California-based company believes its "signed agreement with Anadarko provides the best value and the most certainty to Anadarko's shareholders."
Occidental and Chevron, two of the largest oil and gas producers in the Permian by production volumes, argue they can best squeeze more oil from Anadarko's 240,000 acres (97,120 hectares)in the area.
The two companies control land adjacent to Anadarko's properties and expect a deal will add deposits that can produce supplies for decades using low-cost drilling techniques.
(Reporting by Arathy S Nair in Bengaluru and David French in New York; Additional Reporting by Jennifer Hiller in Houston; Editing by Saumyadeb Chakrabarty, Shinjini Ganguli and Jonathan Oatis)