MELBOURNE: Oil prices fell around 2per cent on Thursday as a spike in new coronavirus cases in China and the United States renewed fears that people would stay home, stalling a recovery in fuel demand even as lockdowns ease.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures dropped 2.1per cent, or 80 cents, to US$37.16 a barrel at 0138 GMT, adding to a loss of 42 cents on Wednesday.
Brent crude futures fell 1.5per cent, or 61 cents, to US$40.10 a barrel. The benchmark contract declined 25 cents on Wednesday.
Worries about fuel demand rose after a surge in coronavirus cases led Beijing to cancel flights and shut schools and several U.S. states, including Texas, Florida and California, reported sharp increases in new cases.
A rise in U.S. crude stockpiles to a record high for a second week in a row also weighed on sentiment, even though U.S. government data showed inventories of gasoline and distillate, which include diesel and heating oil, fell.
"People are concerned about the coronavirus resurging in China and crude stockpiles rising," said Lachlan Shaw, head of commodity research at National Australia Bank.
While prices dipped, they are likely to remain in the US$35 to US$40 band they have been trading in so far in June, with the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies, a grouping called OPEC+, mostly sticking to promised supply cuts, U.S. shale producers holding back output, and fuel demand gradually improving, analysts said.
OPEC+ compliance with crude production cut commitments in May was 87per cent, two OPEC+ sources said on Wednesday.
However OPEC warned in a monthly report the market would remain in surplus in the second half of 2020 even as demand improves, as it now expects supply from outside the group to be about 300,000 barrels per day higher than earlier thought.
"OPEC's dour assessment" added to negative sentiment, ANZ said in a note.
(Reporting by Sonali Paul; editing by Richard Pullin)