WASHINGTON: US job growth increased by the most in 10 months in November as former striking workers returned to General Motors' payrolls and the healthcare industry boosted hiring, the strongest sign yet the economy was not in danger of stalling.
The Labor Department's closely watched monthly employment report on Friday also showed steady wage gains and the unemployment rate falling back to 3.5 per cent, suggesting consumers will continue to drive the longest economic expansion in history, now in its 11th year.
The report added to other fairly upbeat reports on the trade deficit, housing and orders for big-ticket goods. Together, the improving data validate the Federal Reserve's decision in October to cut interest rates for the third time this year but signal a pause in the easing cycle that started in July when it reduced borrowing costs for the first time since 2008.
US central bank policymakers are expected to highlight the economy's resilience when they meet on Dec 10-11, though trade tensions continue to reverberate in the background.
"This was a strong report, with a solid rise in payrolls, another drop in the unemployment rate, and decent growth in hourly earnings," said Chris Low, chief economist at FHN Financial in New York. "The Fed will see this as clear vindication of their decision to stop cutting rates."
Nonfarm payrolls increased by 266,000 jobs last month, with manufacturing recouping all the 43,000 positions lost in October, the government's survey of establishments showed. Employment growth was also boosted by a gain of 60,200 healthcare workers, the most since March.
The largest increase in payrolls since January lifted job growth well above its monthly average of 180,000 this year. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast payrolls rising by 180,000 jobs in November. The economy created 41,000 more jobs in September and October than previously estimated.
The 40-day strike by about 46,000 workers at GM plants in Michigan and Kentucky had restricted employment gains to 156,000 jobs in October. Even discounting the GM-related boost, employment growth exceeded 200,000 jobs last month.
The strong payroll gains suggest the Trump administration's 17-month trade war with China, which has plunged manufacturing into recession, has not yet spilled over to the broader economy.
The US-China trade tensions have bruised business confidence and undercut capital expenditure. Though Washington and Beijing are working on a "phase one" trade deal, the United States has ratcheted up tensions with other trade partners including Brazil, Argentina and France. President Donald Trump said on Thursday the United States was having meetings and discussions with China "that are going well."
Economic growth estimates for the fourth quarter are converging around a 1.8 per cent annualised rate. The economy grew at a 2.1 per cent pace in the third quarter. Economists estimate the speed at which the economy can grow over a long period without igniting inflation at between 1.7 per cent and 2.0 per cent.
US stocks were trading higher while the dollar gained against a basket of currencies. Prices of US Treasuries were lower.
STEADY WAGE GAINS
The surge in November payrolls defied an Institute for Supply Management survey showing a measure of manufacturing employment contracted in November for the fourth straight month. It also confounded the ADP National Employment report showing a sharp deceleration in private payrolls growth last month and consumers' perceptions of the labour market were less upbeat.
But cooler-than-normal temperatures in November curbed hiring at construction sites and mines.
Though the labour market remains resilient despite the business investment downturn, hiring has slowed from last year's average monthly gain of 223,000 because of ebbing demand and a shortage of workers. The government has said it could cut job growth for the 12 months through March 2019 by at least 500,000 jobs when it publishes its annual revision next February.
Still, job creation is well over the roughly 100,000 jobs per month needed to keep up with growth in the working-age population. The unemployment rate fell one-tenth of a percentage point last month from 3.6 per cent percent in October as people left the labour force.
The smaller household survey from which the unemployment rate is derived also showed a modest job gain last month.
A broader measure of unemployment, which includes people who want to work but have given up searching and those working part-time because they cannot find full-time employment, fell to 6.9 per cent last month from 7.0 per cent in October.
The labour force participation rate, or the proportion of working-age Americans who have a job or are looking for one, dipped to 63.2 per cent in November from more than a six-year high of 63.3 per cent in October.
The tight labour market is generating steady wage gains. Average hourly earnings rose seven cents, or 0.2 per cent, after increasing 0.4 per cent in October. In the 12 months through November, wages rose 3.1 per cent after advancing 3.2 per cent in October.
Wage gains were moderate because the bulk of the jobs created last month were in healthcare and leisure, industries that tend to pay low wages. Average hourly earnings for production and non-supervisory workers increased 0.3 per cent and were up 3.7 per cent on a year-on-year basis in November.
"Conditions remain firmly in place for the consumer and the service sector to cushion the economy from external risks and related weakness in US manufacturing," said Brian Coulton, chief economist at Fitch Ratings in New York.
Manufacturing employment rebounded by 54,000 jobs last month as GM strike returnees boosted payrolls in the auto sector. Snow storms in the Midwest and cold weather restricted construction hiring to only 1,000 jobs last month. Mining shed 7,000 jobs.
The leisure and hospitality industry hired 45,000 workers. It has added 219,000 jobs over the last four months, with about two-thirds of the gains at restaurants and bars.
There were increases in professional and business services, financial activities, retail and wholesale trade employment last month. Government employment increased by 12,000 jobs.