DETROIT: United Auto Workers leaders from Ford Motor Co's U.S. plants on Friday recommended approval of a tentative labor agreement that would allow the No. 2 U.S. automaker to avoid a strike like the one that cost its larger rival General Motors Co about US$3 billion.
The union turned to Ford to negotiate a new four-year agreement after ratifying a contract last week with GM following a 40-day U.S. strike that shut down almost all of that company's North American operations. Ford and the UAW quickly reached a tentative deal on Wednesday.
"This contract continues a strong pattern that gives all workers a path to traditional wages and maintains the job security and benefits our members deserve," UAW President Gary Jones said in a statement.
Ford confirmed the deal in a statement and declined further comment.
The deal now must be ratified by the 55,000 UAW workers at Ford, with voting running through Nov. 15. While GM's deal was approved, ratification is not a sure thing, as union members at Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV in 2015 rejected the first version of a contract.
Detailed terms of the Ford deal echoed those agreed to with GM, as the union typically uses the first deal as a pattern for those that follow. The UAW said the deal included agreements by Ford to invest more than US$6 billion in its U.S. plants, and to create or retain more than 8,500 UAW jobs.
The spending includes a US$1.1 billion investment in Ford's Wayne, Michigan, pickup truck plant; US$1 billion for the Louisville, Kentucky, plant, where Ford makes pickups and SUVs; and US$900 million in an Ohio plant where it produces heavy-duty pickup trucks. A new unnamed vehicle will be added to the Ohio plant in 2023.
The deal also includes building hybrid and fully electric versions of various SUV models and the best-selling F-150 pickup truck, the union said.
Full-time UAW members at Ford will receive a signing bonus of US$9,000, but the deal will allow the Dearborn, Michigan, company to close an engine plant in Romeo, Michigan.
The deal includes pay raises and lump-sum payments over the life of the contract, a pathway to full-time employment for temporary employees and unchanged healthcare coverage.
Once the Ford deal is ratified, the UAW will turn to Fiat Chrysler to complete its quadrennial talks with the Detroit automakers.
The talks have at times been overshadowed by an ongoing federal corruption probe that has involved several UAW senior leaders and been linked to Jones. A UAW spokesman on Friday declined to address the probe.
(Reporting by Ben Klayman and Nick Carey in Detroit; Editing by Sandra Maler and Matthew Lewis)