WASHINGTON: New applications for US unemployment aid fell last week and the number of Americans receiving benefits was the lowest in more than 45 years as labour market conditions tightened further.
Other data on Thursday (Nov 1) showed worker productivity slowing in the third quarter, but still growing at a relatively decent clip and compensation surging, adding to recent reports and anecdotal evidence that the strong labour market was pushing up wage gains.
The economy's upbeat outlook was tempered by news that manufacturing activity slowed in October as a measure of new orders dropped to its lowest level in 1-1/2 years.
Initial claims for state unemployment benefits dropped 2,000 to a seasonally-adjusted 214,000 for the week ended Oct 27, the Labour Department said.
Data for the prior week was revised to show 1,000 more claims received than previously reported. Claims fell to 202,000 during the week ended Sep 15, which was the lowest level since November 1969.
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast claims falling to 213,000 in the latest week. The Labour Department said claims for North Carolina continued to be affected by Hurricane Florence, while Hurricane Michael impacted those for Florida and Georgia.
The four-week moving average of initial claims, considered a better measure of labour market trends as it irons out week-to-week volatility, rose 1,750 to 213,750 last week.
The claims data has no bearing on October's employment report, which is scheduled for release on Friday, as it falls outside the survey period.
According to a Reuters survey of economists, non-farm payrolls probably rebounded by 190,000 jobs in October after Florence depressed restaurant and retail payrolls in September. But the pick-up in job growth was likely tempered by Michael, which struck the Florida Panhandle in mid-October.
Payrolls increased by 134,000 in September, the fewest in a year. The unemployment rate is forecast unchanged at a near 49-year low of 3.7 percent in October.
US financial markets were little moved by the data.
NEAR FULL EMPLOYMENT
The labour market is viewed as being near or at full employment. There are a record 7.14 million open jobs in the economy, suggesting a shortage of skilled workers.
Thursday's claims report also showed the number of people receiving benefits after an initial week of aid declined 7,000 to 1.63 million for the week ended Oct 20, the lowest level since July 1973.
The four-week moving average of the so-called continuing claims decreased 6,250 to 1.64 million, the lowest level since August 1973.
In a second report on Thursday, the Labour Department said non-farm productivity, which measures hourly output per worker, increased at a 2.2 per cent annualised rate in the third quarter.
That was a step down from the 3.0 per cent pace logged in the April-June period, which was the strongest since the first quarter of 2015. The slowdown in productivity is in line with a moderation in gross domestic product growth for that period.
The economy grew at a 3.5 per cent rate in the July-September period after a robust 4.2 per cent pace in the second quarter. Compared to the third quarter of 2017, productivity increased at a rate of 1.3 per cent.
Hourly compensation jumped at a 3.5 per cent rate in the third quarter after rising at a 1.9 per cent pace in the April-June period. Hourly compensation increased at a 2.8 per cent rate compared to the third quarter of 2017.
The rise in compensation mirrors a solid gain in employment costs in the third quarter. The Labour Department reported on Wednesday that annual wage growth recorded its biggest increase in 10 years in the July-September quarter.
In a third report on Thursday, the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) said its index of national factory activity fell to a reading of 57.7 last month from 59.8 in September.
A reading above 50 indicates growth in manufacturing, which accounts for about 12 percent of the US economy.
The ISM described demand as "moderately" strong, a downgrade from "robust" in the previous months. It also said consumption had "softened, with production and employment continuing to expand, but at lower levels compared to September."
According to the ISM, "supplier labour issues and transportation difficulties continue to disrupt production, but at more manageable levels."
The ISM's new orders sub-index fell to a reading of 57.4 last month, the lowest reading since April 2017, from 61.8 in September. The survey's factory employment measure dropped to 56.8 in October from 58.8 in the prior month.