WASHINGTON: Sales of new US single-family homes fell unexpectedly in December, likely held down by a shortage of more affordable homes, but lower mortgage rates supported the overall housing market.
The US Commerce Department report on Monday (Jan 27) also showed downward revisions to sales for the prior three months, bucking a recent streak of fairly strong housing data.
Strength in housing, following a slump in 2018 through the first half of 2019, could offset some of the drag on economic growth from weakness in business spending and manufacturing.
New home sales slipped 0.4 per cent last month to a seasonally-adjusted annual rate of 694,000 units, with sales in the South dropping to the lowest in more than a year.
It was the third straight monthly decline in sales. November's sales pace was revised down to 697,000 units from the previously reported 719,000. September and October sales were also marked down.
"Low mortgage rates, a robust labour market and stabilising geopolitical tensions suggest that demand for housing will stick around, and buyers are hungry for more housing options," said Matthew Speakman, economist at online real estate firm Zillow.
Sales last month were concentrated in the US$200,000-US$749,000 price range. New homes priced below US$200,000, the most sought after, accounted for only 10 per cent of sales.
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast new home sales, which account for about 11.1 per cent of housing market sales, would increase 1.5 per cent to a pace of 730,000 units in December.
The PHLX housing index fell, tracking a broadly weaker US stock market as investors worried about the economic fallout of the fast-spreading coronavirus outbreak in China that has prompted the country to extend the Lunar New Year holidays and businesses to close some operations. The dollar was steady against a basket of currencies. US Treasury prices rallied.
New home sales are drawn from permits and tend to be volatile on a month-to-month basis. Sales jumped 23.0 per cent from a year ago. For all of 2019, new home sales increased 10.3 per cent to 681,000 units, the highest since 2007.
Cheaper mortgage rates have supported the housing market since the Federal Reserve cut interest rates three times last year. The 30-year fixed mortgage rate has dropped to an average of 3.60 per cent from its peak of 4.94 per cent in November 2018, according to data from mortgage finance agency Freddie Mac.
Officials from the US central bank are scheduled to meet on Tuesday and Wednesday. They are expected to reiterate the Fed's desire to keep rates unchanged at least through this year, which could limit further declines in mortgage rates. Still, economists are optimistic the housing market will remain solid.
"Household formation trends are running ahead of new housing construction and this will buoy the housing market in 2020," said Conrad DeQuadros, senior economic advisor at Brean Capital in New York.
Reports this month showed sales of previously owned homes jumped to near a two-year high in December and housing starts raced to a 13-year peak. Though permits for future construction of single-family housing permits fell in December, that followed seven straight monthly gains.
Housing is expected to have contributed to GDP growth again in the fourth quarter. Residential investment rebounded in the third quarter after contracting for six straight quarters, the longest such stretch since the 2007-2009 recession.
The Atlanta Fed is forecasting GDP to rise at a 1.8 per cent annualised rate in the fourth quarter. The economy grew at a 2.1 per cent rate in the July-September period. The government will publish its snapshot of fourth-quarter GDP on Thursday.
"We still think that real residential investment posted a decent gain in the fourth quarter," said Daniel Silver, an economist at JPMorgan in New York.
The housing sector, which accounts for about 3.1 per cent of gross domestic product, remains constrained by a lack of homes, especially in the lower-priced segment of the market, because of land and labor shortages.
That is keeping prices elevated. The median new house price rose 0.5 per cent to US$331,400 in December from a year ago. New home sales in the South, which accounts for the bulk of transactions, dropped 15.4 per cent in December to a rate of 347,000 units, the lowest since October 2018. Sales declined 11.8 per cent in the Northeast, but rose 10.1 per cent in the Midwest and surged 31.0 per cent in the West.
There were 327,000 new homes on the market last month, up 1.6 per cent from November. At December's sales pace it would take 5.7 months to clear the supply of houses on the market, up from 5.5 months in November.
About two-thirds of new homes sold in December were either under construction or yet to be built.