MANCHESTER, England: Elite sports events are still largely closed to the world.
But July 2020 has still been an unprecedented month for the global sporting calendar thanks to the first Virtual Tour de France, which – despite the name – was based nowhere in particular, as riders took part from their homes in all parts of the world.
It’s historic, not just because the event brought together the world of e-sports cycling and the iconic and gruelling race, but also because this was the first time women competed in a multistage Tour.
There were some key differences. Rather than being an individual race, it was run in teams, a lot shorter than the actual Tour and, most importantly, involved cyclists sitting on their bikes indoors plugged into the Zwift virtual cycling system.
Yet, for the audiences tuning in via YouTube, it’s easy to mistake it for an actual broadcast of a road race, as the graphics emulate the physical map and terrain of the route. Even the broadcast commentary was similar.
The Tour is the latest in a whole range of digital innovations that have brought sports into the homes of millions of people during the COVID-19 lockdown, when they all had to press pause on their physical events programmes.
Yet, the foundation for these experiments were laid in January, when the president of the International Olympic Committee, Thomas Bach, told all International Sports Federations to figure out their e-sports strategy.
The urgency is all the more apparent when observing that all those sports sponsors – and broadcasters – are already aligning their brands with e-sports.
Coca-Cola, Intel and Samsung, among many others, are already highly invested in e-sports. David Beckham’s newly formed Guild Esports announced it will establish a professional e-sports team for the 21st-century version of football, Rocket League, a videogame in which players race cars around an arena driving a ball towards a goal, using the online platform Battlefy.
VIRTUALLY THE SAME
COVID-19 has accelerated the alignment of elite sports industries with e-sports – and even those who previously dismissed e-sports as not being like real sport now have the IOC president to contend with.
Bach noted that platforms like Zwift were absolutely the same as sports, suggesting a future in which virtual sport may be a bigger part of the elite sports scene. It may be no coincidence that the IOC’s Esports Liaison Group is chaired by the president of the International Cyclists Union, David Lappartient.
Soon after lockdown began, sports were racing to get in on the virtual action.
Among the first was Formula One, which was nudged into producing “Not the Australian Grand Prix”, when its Melbourne race was cancelled. Teaming up with Veloce Esports, F1’s first digital event used its official computer game to produce a unique experience, where gamers, F1 drivers and celebrities came together to race the Australian track.
In the end, e-sports racer Daniel Bereznay took the chequered flag with former Dutch racing driver-turned-sim racer Jarno Opmeer coming in second.
In April, the ATP and WTA organised an e-sports tennis competition instead of the Mutua Madrid Open, using Nacon’s Tennis World Tour video game. Again, some of the world’s biggest names came together to compete. Great Britain’s Andy Murray took the title.
Also in April, we saw the virtual Grand National take place for the fourth time. This year was special, as there was no accompanying physical race thanks to COVID-19.
Instead, racing fans – and gamblers – could tune into YouTube and watch a race of computer-generated horses, all of which had been expected starters for the actual race.
The winner was decided in advance of the start gun being fired, based on the rider’s previous form, day conditions, among other factors.
This algorithm-driven sport may not feel much like sport for many – but it worked. We can expect to see a significant amount of business generated from gambling opportunities around virtual sports.
Football was slow to get back on to the pitch, and many clubs began experimenting with in-stadia innovations. By the time players were back on the field – without spectators – some clubs had set up giant screens inside the stadium giving the impression of thousands of fans.
Clubs also experimented with virtual reality to train players and real-time canned audience sounds became part of a new language of broadcast production.
The international basketball federation was next, producing the world’s first international e-sports version of its sport in May using the game NBA 2K. While the game has not previously impressed gamers, it did well to bring new audiences to basketball at a time when no live events were taking place.
Finally, there has also been a whole lot of e-sports happening during lockdown, occupying the space where many of these aspiring sports brands seek to locate themselves. Gaming has had a very good lockdown indeed – data shows that game sales and use have grown significantly over 2020.
NEW WAYS TO PLAY
Lockdown brought e-sports further into the mainstream – even the BBC broadcast events on its digital platform.
We also saw how the creative and cultural industries are coming together around e-sports titles. Of note were the virtual concerts that took place in Fortnite, particularly the American rapper Travis Scott’s spectacular performance, which could only be seen live if you were logged in as a player within Fortnite, prompting fans to download the title just to see the concert.
In the same way that social media platforms such as TikTok and Instagram are establishing new markets and audiences, e-sports and the virtualisation of sport are showing how new economies are emerging around novel experiences through gaming platforms.
While many of the COVID-19 e-sports events from international sports federations have been more showcase events than elite competition, they have paved the way for a new normal to emerge, not just for participants, but for the many industries that produce media events.
Andy Miah is Chair in Science Communication & Future Media at the University of Salford. This commentary first appeared on The Conversation.