Commentary: Dissatisfied with their bodies, new mums are dieting and it's killing their self esteem

Commentary: Dissatisfied with their bodies, new mums are dieting and it's killing their self esteem

It's almost impossible to regain our pre-pregnancy figures right after giving birth, say two nutritionists about the disturbing body image dissatisfaction plaguing new mums.

woman on diet
Dieting after birth can make mum's self esteem worse. (Photo: Unsplash/rawpixel)

QUEENSLAND: Royal Kate Middleton and reality superstar Kylie Jenner have recently given birth, although you wouldn’t know it from looking at them.

Often celebrities seem to have a super-human ability of returning to their pre-pregnancy size and shape within weeks of giving birth.

For most of us non-celebrities, this ability to regain our pre-pregnancy figure is often unachievable, which leaves us feeling unhappy about our bodies. Many new mums will go on a diet in an attempt to return to their previous shape.

But dieting doesn’t usually work, and it only makes our relationship with food worse.

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NEW MUMS DIETING TO RETURN TO SHAPE

Just two weeks after the birth of their children, 63 per cent of all women wish to return to their pre-pregnancy size and shape.

The discord between how a woman’s body looks and the way she wishes she looked after pregnancy can lead to high levels of body image dissatisfaction and lowered self-esteem.

This leaves new mothers at high risk of body image disturbance, depression, anxiety, disordered eating patterns, impaired milk production and decreased psychological well-being. It can affect both the mother and child’s future eating behaviours.

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Kylie Jenner -- seen here at the 2018 Met Gala -- is on track to become one of the youngest
Kylie Jenner, seen here at the 2018 Met Gala, gave birth to her first daughter in February this year. (Photo: AFP/Angela Weiss)

Usually mums who experience body image dissatisfaction turn to traditional weight-loss methods such as dieting and food restriction. Unfortunately, weight-focused thinking is usually ineffective for weight loss and often leads to women depriving themselves of the foods they love.

This then can result in food pre-occupation, consistent cycling between weight loss and weight gain, even greater body image dissatisfaction levels, and dangerous eating habits such as avoiding whole food groups, binge eating or fasting.

These eating habits can impact an already fragile psychological well-being, especially at a time when mothers have the extra responsibility of caring for a young child.

HEALTHIER AND HAPPIER WITHOUT DIETS

Restricting the foods we can eat makes us more preoccupied with food. Non-dieting eating styles involve listening to your body’s internal cues to eat when you’re hungry, but learning to stop eating when you’re full.

Nutritionists also encourage concentrating on the texture, smell and taste of food as it is being eaten, and moving your body for enjoyment every day rather than sticking to gruelling exercise routines. 

They also say you should be kind to yourself when it comes to your body’s natural shape and size, and end self-deprivation and food preoccupation by eliminating all forms of dieting.

It has been found that women who follow non-dieting eating styles have better physical and psychological health outcomes and are happier with their current weight. They also have better self-esteem and achieve greater weight loss than those who do not.

In 2017, 419 women who had children between the ages of six months and four years were surveyed, out of which only 32 per cent of new mothers in Australia followed non-dieting eating styles. So a majority of new mothers are at risk of unhealthy weight control behaviours.

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Weighing scale
(Photo: Pixabay/Tero Vasalainen)

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The survey also found the mothers who reported following non-dieting eating styles were happier with the size and shape of their post-pregnancy bodies, and ate a broader variety of healthier foods.

They were also less likely to binge eat when emotional, less likely to suffer symptoms of depression and anxiety, and had higher self-esteem levels.

Many pregnant women are often unprepared for the physical changes that occur once they’ve given birth. This may be due to the many images and examples shown in the media and unrealistic societal and self-imposed expectations.

Education at a prenatal level about the drawbacks of dieting and the benefits of non-dieting eating styles could better prepare women for developing healthy body image and appropriate eating behaviours and attitudes for the future.

Megan Lee is academic tutor and lecturer at Southern Cross University. Susan Williams is a public health nutritionist and senior lecturer at Central Queensland University, Australia. A version of this commentary first appeared on The Conversation.


Source: CNA/nr(sl)

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