NEW YORK: Harley-Davidson plans to shift some manufacturing of its iconic motorcycles overseas to avoid retaliatory European tariffs imposed last week, the company said on Monday (Jun 25).
The announcement comes as the 117-year old company is also buffeted by higher steel costs following tariffs enacted by US President Donald Trump, who had embraced the company as an emblematic US industrial firm in the early days of his administration.
Trump on Monday expressed disappointment at Harley-Davidson's plan.
"Surprised that Harley-Davidson, of all companies, would be the first to wave the White Flag," Trump said on Twitter.
"I fought hard for them and ultimately they will not pay tariffs selling into the EU, which has hurt us badly on trade, down $151 Billion. Taxes just a Harley excuse - be patient!"
Harley-Davidson suggested it had no choice after the European Union on Friday hit American motorcycles with duties of 31 per cent, up from six per cent, boosting the cost to EU consumers by about US$2,200.
The EU targeted the US vehicles as part of its rebuttal to Trump's tariffs on imported aluminium and steel, one aspect of his multi-front trade war.
Moving production overseas is expected to require nine to 18 months, so in the near-term Harley-Davidson will absorb the costs of EU tariffs, the company said in a regulatory notice. That will add an estimated US$90 million to US$100 million annually.
"Increasing international production to alleviate the EU tariff burden is not the company's preference but represents the only sustainable option to make its motorcycles accessible to customers in the EU and maintain a viable business in Europe," the company said.
Some analysts expect to see more instances of company shifts in supply chain or manufacturing venues due to trade tariffs when the second-quarter earnings season kicks off in early next month.
Harley-Davidson currently has overseas manufacturing plants in Brazil, India and Australia and is building a plant in Thailand.
The company did not specify where the additional manufacturing would go.
"We are currently assessing the potential impact on our US facilities," said Harley-Davidson spokesman Michael Pflughoeft. "We are hopeful the US and EU governments will continue to work together to reach an agreement on trade issues and rescind these tariffs."
Harley-Davidson has been relying on Europe and other international markets to help offset declining sales in the US, where the baby boomers who have long bought the vehicles are aging and younger consumers are not taking to the motorcycles in a big way.
In the first quarter, retail sales of motorcycles fell 12 per cent in the United States but rose nearly seven percent in the European/Middle East/Africa region.
In the wake of the sluggish US sales, Harley-Davidson announced in January it would close its Kansas City, Missouri assembly plant and consolidate jobs in York, Pennsylvania.
Adding to the difficulty facing the company were steel and aluminium tariffs on the EU, Canada and Mexico finalised by the Trump administration at the start of June.
Chief Financial Officer John Olin told analysts in April he expected the tariffs to add US$15 million to US$20 million "on top of already rising raw materials," representing "quite a headwind for the company over the next several quarters."
A spokeswoman for House Speaker Paul Ryan, a critic of Trump's trade policies, said Harley-Davidson's travails were "further proof of the harm from unilateral tariffs. The best way to help American workers, consumers, and manufacturers is to open new markets for them, not to raise barriers to our own market."
But the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, which represetns Harley-Davidson workers in Missouri, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, denounced the move as a pretext and a "slap in the face" to the company's workforce.
"Even before the EU's announcement, Harley made the decision to close its plant in Kansas City and has manufacturing facilities in India and Brazil," International President Robert Martinez said in a statement.
"Will Harley use any excuse to ship jobs overseas? Does Harley even understand what 'Made in America' means?"
United Steelworkers, a labor union representing some of the motorcycle maker's US employees, said on Monday that Harley-Davidson had long since begun to shift its manufacturing operations abroad.
Analysts have noted the irony of Harley-Davidson's plight given that its executives were among the first to visit the White House in February 2017 shortly after Trump took office.
Trump praised Harley-Davidson as an "American icon, one of the greats" and expressed confidence the company would expand US manufacturing under his administration.
But that status made the company a target for EU retaliation along with bourbon and blue jeans.