The story of the Indian 'saint soldier' – perhaps the first Sikh in Singapore

The story of the Indian 'saint soldier' – perhaps the first Sikh in Singapore

A new Singapore documentary looks at the life of freedom fighter Bhai Maharaj Singh, whose tombstone now lies at the Silat Road Sikh Temple.

a sikh guard statue at the Bukit Brown cemetery
Sikh guards, as memorialised in this statue at the Bukit Brown cemetery, were known in Singapore. But before them, there was Bhai Maharaj Singh. (Photo: Singh In The Lion City)

Unless you’re a religious devotee or history buff, the Silat Road Sikh Temple at Bukit Merah isn’t likely to come up on your radar of places to visit. But within its grounds lies the tombstone of one of Singapore’s most intriguing but lesser-known historical figures.

the iconic Silat Road Gurdwara
The Silat Road Sikh Temple at Bukit Merah where the tomb of Bhai Maharaj Singh lies. (Photo: The Saint Soldier)

Described as a "freedom fighter" and “saint”, Bhai Maharaj Singh is said to be the first recorded Sikh person to have stepped foot in Singapore back in 1850, as a prisoner of the British for inciting revolution back in India.

And now, his colourful life is the subject of The Saint Soldier, a new documentary by Singaporean director Upneet Kaur-Nagpal, who was commissioned to make this film as part of a wider community driven project. Before its official launch in December, there will be a talk and a sneak peek screening of footage on Sep 8 at Fort Canning.

A mural wall painting showing Bhai Maharaj Singh as a young disciple in Punjab, India.
A mural wall painting showing Bhai Maharaj Singh (left) as a young disciple that the film crew discovered in Punjab, India. (Photo: The Saint Soldier)

FROM INDIA TO OUTRAM PRISON

The event and film are the only Sikh-related projects held during the ongoing Singapore Bicentennial, and director Kaur-Nagpal is keen to put the spotlight on a mysterious figure not many Singaporeans know about.

“Singapore became known for having Sikh men in the security forces, when the Straits Settlement started recruiting them in the late 1800s – but Singh was the first recorded Sikh, who ironically came as a prisoner,” she said.

A silhouette of a traditional Sikh archer
A traditional Sikh archer featured in a still from The Soldier Saint. (Photo: The Saint Soldier)

As the story goes, Bhai Maharaj Singh had been the first notable Indian who took up arms against the British, who eventually arrested him and transported him to Singapore. He was thrown in solitary confinement at Outram Prison, where he stayed until he died of throat cancer in 1856.

We don’t have a lot of mainstream coverage of Sikhs in Singapore but we’re such a big part of the Singapore Story.

A tomb believed to be his was found at the grounds of the Singapore General Hospital before it was moved to the temple in 1966.

Singh’s Singapore chapter might have all taken place in jail but he was a colourful figure nonetheless, said Kaur-Nagpal.

Devotees offer flowers at the Silat Road Gurdwara
Devotees continue to offer flowers to Bhai Maharaj Singh at the Silat Road Sikh Temple. (Photo: The Saint Soldier)

“Someone actually compared him to Che Guevara when he was fighting the British (in India) – he had this solo renegade guerrilla thing going on and was known for stirring up the masses,” she said, adding that as time went by, his aura as a spiritual leader grew, even while he was in jail.

“There are quotes where the British even compared him to Jesus Christ. There were miracles reported and when he died in Singapore. Years later, there were many visitors to his tomb – even non-Sikh visitors like Malays and Chinese,” said Kaur-Nagpal, adding that the British had given him special privileges when he was still alive, from extra food to allowing him to send letters home or receive books.

SIKHS IN THE CITY

Despite being a Sikh herself, Kaur-Nagpal admitted she had not heard of Singh before, and doing the documentary was an eye-opener.

“When I came to the story, I didn’t know much about my own culture and I had to learn about the Sikh empire. I learned much about colonialism and the Indian diaspora because of this one person.”

the iconic Amritsar Gate of Punjab
The Amritsar Gate of Punjab, which director Upneet Kaur-Nagpal visited while filming The Saint Soldier. (Photo: The Saint Soldier)

To tie the different story threads together for The Saint Soldier, she and her crew travelled last year to the UK, where people had written about him, as well as the village in the Punjab state where he was born.

“In the UK and India, they didn’t know certain parts (of the story in Singapore). So in a way, we are finally able to give a Singaporean perspective – we now have a chance to tell the story from our side,” she said.

Bhai Maharaj's birthplace - village entrance
The village entrance to Bhai Maharaj Singh's birthplace in Punjab, India. (Photo: The Saint Soldier)

It’s not the first time Kaur-Nagpal has done a film on Sikh perspectives in Singapore. Two years ago, she released Singh In The Lion City, a short documentary about a modern day Singaporean Sikh discovering his cultural identity.

For her, the two films are connected and the story of Bhai Maharaj Singh takes it to the next level.

“We don’t have a lot of mainstream coverage of Sikhs in Singapore but we’re such a big part of the Singapore Story – there were Sikhs in all aspects of the forces, especially the police. They became well known as jagas and then later got to other trades like being milkmen and money lenders, before they started flourishing further. We have contributed a lot in that respect,” she said.

Two Sikh men looking at the Singapore skyline at the Padang
The Singh In The Lion City documentary looks at modern day Sikh identity in Singapore. (Photo: Singh In The Lion City)

“If doing Singh In The Lion City was about being a Singaporean Sikh, doing The Saint Soldier and going to India and London, I felt like a Singaporean Sikh who was connected to a bigger, global story.”

Uncovering The Story Of Singapore's First Sikh The Saint Soldier will be held on Sep 8 at the Fort Canning Black Box. For details, visit https://www.eventbrite.ca.

Source: CNA/mm

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