Timeline: Three years on, a look at the Rohingya crisis

Timeline: Three years on, a look at the Rohingya crisis

FILE PHOTO: Rohingya refugees carry supplies at Kutupalong refugee camp, near Cox's Bazar
FILE PHOTO: Rohingya refugees carry supplies at Kutupalong refugee camp, near Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, November 20, 2017. REUTERS/Susana Vera

DHAKA: This month marks the third anniversary of the fleeing of more than 730,000 Rohingya from Myanmar's Rakhine State to Bangladesh after a military-led crackdown in response to an attack by Muslim militants on Myanmar security posts.

Here is a timeline of events in the crisis:

Aug 25, 2017 - Muslim insurgents of the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) attack 30 police posts and an army base in the north of Rakhine State.

Aug 26, 2017 - As fighting spreads between the army and ARSA, thousands of Rohingya flee to Bangladesh.

READ: Traffickers demand ransoms for Rohingya held at sea in Southeast Asia

Sep 2, 2017 - More than 2,600 houses are razed in Rohingya-majority areas in the week following the Aug 25 attack, the government says.

Sep 11, 2017 - The UN human rights high commissioner calls the military operation “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing”.

Rohingya migrants retrieve food supplies dropped by a Thai army helicopter in the Andaman sea in May
Rohingya migrants retrieve food supplies dropped by a Thai army helicopter in the Andaman sea in May 2015. (Photo: AFP/Christophe Archambault)

Sep 19, 2017 - Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi vows to punish the perpetrators of rights violations but does not address UN accusations of ethnic cleansing.

Oct 12, 2017 - Rohingya Muslims are not natives of Myanmar, says the army commander-in-chief, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, during a meeting with US ambassador Scot Marciel.

Nov 2, 2017 - Suu Kyi urges people “not to quarrel” on her first visit to Rakhine since the crackdown.

Nov 27-Dec 2, 2017 - Pope Francis visits Myanmar and Bangladesh, avoiding the word “Rohingya”, which is rejected by Myanmar, until meeting refugees in Bangladesh.

De 21, 2017 - The United States imposes sanctions on 13 “serious human rights abusers and corrupt actors” including the general who oversaw the crackdown against the Rohingya.

Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya fled to Bangladesh to escape a military crackdown in Myanmar
Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya fled to Bangladesh to escape a military crackdown in Myanmar AFP/Dibyangshu SARKAR

Jan 10, 2018 - The military says its soldiers murdered 10 captured Muslims in Inn Din village in Rakhine during insurgent attacks.

READ: Rohingya refugees running scared from coronvirus tests

Feb 23, 2018 - Myanmar has bulldozed at least 55 Rohingya villages that were emptied during the violence, Human Rights Watch says.

Mar 12, 2018 - Myanmar’s military is building bases where Rohingya homes and mosques once stood, Amnesty International says.

Apr 11, 2018 - Seven Myanmar soldiers are sentenced to 10 years of hard labor for the Inn Din massacre.

Sep 13, 2018 - Suu Kyi says in hindsight her government could have handled the situation in Rakhine better.

Nov 15, 2018 - A Rohingya refugee repatriation effort stalls amid protests in camps.

Jan 4, 2019 - Rakhine nationalist Arakan Army insurgents kill 13 policemen as Myanmar marks Independence Day, setting off more conflict.

Mar 18, 2019 - Myanmar’s army says it has set up a military court to investigate its conduct during the 2017 crackdown.

May 27, 2019 - A military spokesman says Myanmar has granted early release to seven soldiers jailed for the Inn Din killings.

FILE PHOTO: A Rohingya refugee walks at a refugee camp in Cox's Bazar
FILE PHOTO: A Rohingya refugee walks at a refugee camp in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, March 7, 2019. REUTERS/Mohammad Ponir Hossain -/File Photo

Jun 22, 2019 - Authorities order telecoms companies to shut internet services in the conflict-torn west, an operator says, where government troops are fighting Arakan Army rebels.

READ: Malaysia to ask Bangladesh to take back Rohingya refugees found at sea

Aug 20, 2019 - The UN refugee agency and Bangladesh authorities launch a new repatriation bid, but it fails after no refugees agree to return.

Nov 11, 2019 – Mostly Muslim Gambia files a genocide case against Myanmar at the International Court of Justice (ICJ).

Nov 14, 2019 – The International Criminal Court approves a prosecution request to investigate crimes against humanity against the Rohingya in a separate case.

Nov 26, 2019 – Myanmar begins a military investigation into killings of Rohingya at Gu Dar Pyin village during the 2017 crackdown. The army later announces soldiers have been punished.

FILE PHOTO: Myanmar's leader Aung San Suu Kyi attends a hearing at International Court of Just
FILE PHOTO: Myanmar's leader Aung San Suu Kyi attends a hearing in a case filed by Gambia against Myanmar alleging genocide against the minority Muslim Rohingya population, at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague, Netherlands December 10, 2019. REUTERS/Yves Herman/File Photo

Dec 11, 2019 - Suu Kyi appears at the ICJ in the Hague and rejects accusations of genocide against the Rohingya as “incomplete and misleading”.

Jan 20, 2020 - Government-appointed panel investigating allegations of abuse say they had found no evidence of genocide but war crimes were possible.

Jan 23, 2020 – The ICJ orders Myanmar to take urgent measures to protect the Rohingya remaining inside Myanmar.

Jan 25, 2020 – Two Rohingya women are killed and seven people wounded when shells hit a village. The army rejects accusations it was responsible from a lawmaker, a villager and Arakan Army rebels.

Feb 21, 2020 – Myanmar’s army says it will court-martial soldiers over abuses against Rohingya in two more villages during the 2017 crackdown.

FILE PHOTO: Boat carrying suspected ethnic Rohingya migrants is seen detained in Malaysian territor
FILE PHOTO: A boat carrying suspected ethnic Rohingya migrants is seen detained in Malaysian territorial waters, in Langkawi, Malaysia April 5, 2020. Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency/Handout via REUTERS

Apr 16, 2020 - Bangladesh rescues 396 Rohingya from a boat adrift for weeks after failing to land in Malaysia. At least 32 die on board. Several other boats adrift for months before landing in Indonesia and Malaysia.

Apr 29, 2020 - The UN envoy to Myanmar says it is committing war crimes in Rakhine after civilians are hit with air and artillery strikes in the conflict against insurgents. Myanmar says the allegations are "biased".

May 25, 2020 - Myanmar files a report on its adherence to measures to protect the Rohingya to the ICJ. Details are not published.

Source: Reuters/ad

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