COVID-19 virus variants may lead to false negative results with some molecular tests: FDA

COVID-19 virus variants may lead to false negative results with some molecular tests: FDA

FILE PHOTO: COVID-19 test kit receives emergency use authorization, in San Jose
FILE PHOTO: A worker assembles parts of a COVID-19 test kit made by Visby Medical at the kit maker's lab in San Jose, California, U.S., August 28, 2020. Picture taken August 28, 2020. REUTERS/Nathan Frandino/File Photo

REUTERS: The US drugs regulator said on Friday (Jan 8) genetic variants of COVID-19, including the one found in the UK, could lead to false negative results from some molecular COVID-19 tests, but the risk of the mutations affecting overall testing accuracy is low.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said it has alerted lab staff and healthcare providers to the possible false negative results and has asked them to consider such results in combination with clinical observations, and use a different test if COVID-19 is still suspected.

The more contagious variant of COVID-19 that has swept through the United Kingdom has been reported in at least five US states, National Institutes of Health Director Francis Collins said this week.

READ: BioNTech says COVID-19 vaccine 'neutralises key mutation' in UK, South Africa strains

Scientists have said newly developed vaccines should be equally effective against the new variant.

Thermo Fisher's TaqPath COVID-19 combo kit and Applied DNA Sciences' Linea COVID-19 assay kit were found to have significantly reduced sensitivity due to certain mutations, including the B117 variant or the so-called UK variant, according to the agency.

However, the detection patterns of both tests may help with early identification of new variants in patients, the FDA said.

The performance of Mesa Biotech's Accula test can also be impacted by the genetic variants, the health regulator added.

Mesa said its test would tolerate the genetic variation presented by the new strain and that it should not have an impact on clinical performance of the test.

Britain said in December rapid lateral flow tests being deployed in the country's mass-testing program can identify the variant, while Roche said its molecular test for COVID-19 was unlikely to be affected by the mutant strain of the virus.

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Source: Reuters

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