Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon up 85% in 2019

Deforestation in Brazil's Amazon up 85% in 2019

View of the landscape from the BR163 highway, near Santarem, Para state, Brazil, in the Amazon
View of the landscape from the BR163 highway, near Santarem, Para state, Brazil, in the Amazon rainforest in 2019. (Photo: AFP/Nelson Almeida)

BRASILIA: Deforestation in the Amazon rainforest in northern Brazil soared 85 percent in 2019, compared with the previous year, official data showed Tuesday.

The 9,166 square kilometres cleared was the highest number in at least five years, according to Brazil's National Institute for Space Research.

In 2018, the deforested area was 4,946 square kilometres.

The sharp increase overlapped the first year in office of President Jair Bolsonaro, a climate change sceptic who has eased restrictions on exploiting the Amazon's vast riches.

The data was collected by the satellite-based DETER system, which monitors deforestation in real time.

It comes after fires ravaged swaths of the Amazon basin last year, igniting a global outcry and diplomatic feud between Bolsonaro and European leaders.

The number of fires in the rainforest rose 30 per cent to 89,178 in 2019, compared with the previous year, the latest official data show.

Human Rights Watch on Tuesday called on Bolsonaro to reverse his environmental policy, which the campaign group says has accelerated land clearing and encouraged attacks on forest defenders.

In recent months, three indigenous people have been killed in two separate incidents in the northeastern state of Maranhao.

One of them died after being ambushed by loggers. The others were killed in a drive-by shooting.

Source: AFP/ec

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