Notre-Dame, loved through the ages yet neglected: Historian

Notre-Dame, loved through the ages yet neglected: Historian

Firefighters try to douse the flames billowing the roof of Notre-Dame
Firefighters try to douse the flames billowing the roof of Notre-Dame, a monument much loved, yet on occasion neglected, according to a top French historian. (AFP/FRANCOIS GUILLOT)

PARIS: Notre-Dame Cathedral, ravaged by a huge fire which toppled its spire on Monday (Apr 15) before the gaze of shocked and helpless Paris residents and tourists, has been much beloved yet also neglected down the centuries, says a French historian.

Middle Ages specialist Claude Gauvard, also the author of a book on the Gothic masterpiece that dates from the mid-12th century, told AFP there was no overstating the site's cultural resonance.

But she added it had not always been treated with due reverence.

Notre-Dame "is a symbol of Paris, a symbol of peace, togetherness and concord ... which occupies an exceptional site at the heart of the city."

It is also kilometre zero - the spot from which all distances to other cities from the French capital are measured.

READ: 'Paris is disfigured': Tears and shock as Notre-Dame burns

Onlookers react as they watch flames engulf Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris on April 15, 2019
Onlookers react as they watch flames engulf Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris on Apr 15, 2019. (Photo: AFP/ERIC FEFERBERG)

"For me it is perhaps one of the most harmonious of cathedrals, symbolising at once the work of the craftsmen who built it - though through the ages it has been much loved and yet unloved."

Gauvard explained: "Notre-Dame de Paris is much loved by the millions of French people and foreigners who visit each year - yet they enter and go out again, I am sure, without quite understanding just what this cathedral is."


"It was much mutilated during both the Renaissance and the 18th century - for example, they didn't hesitate to hack away at the main entrance to get through the king's dais!

"It needed all the 19th century labours of Prosper Merimee, Victor Hugo, (Eugene) Viollet-le-Duc and (Jean-Baptiste) Lassus which allowed the Gothic art to be restored to its rightful place."

And Gauvard also is of the opinion that not enough has been spent on maintenance.

"The ongoing works finally got started - and it was high time, and perhaps even a little late.

READ: Notre-Dame of Paris 'saved' after fire destroys steeple

Paris firefighting
A fire fighter uses a hose to douse the flame as Notre Dame cathedral burns in Paris. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)

"I went up to the foot of the spire (before the renovations began) and some of the brickwork was disjointed, held in place by a grate to prevent it falling ..."

As to whether the imposing site can be restored following Monday's inferno, Gauvard observed that "the fact the spire has toppled is not so serious as we shall reconstruct it in accordance with Viollet-le-Duc's blueprint, which I greatly respect because without him the cathedral would no longer be there.

"It was he who constructed the spire as it crumbled in 1792 - though that was not in connection with the French Revolution.

"Yet there will no longer be this 'forest', this magnificent wooden frame which held up the roofing ... That's my fear; that the fire will reach the interior of the choristry."

And Gauvard said the competing interests regarding the site could hinder reconstruction.

READ: Notre-Dame, soul of the French nation

Fire at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris
Fire fighters douse flames of the burning Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France April 15, 2019. REUTERS/Benoit Tessier

"Notre Dame's problem is that it comes under several jurisdictions: the Archbishopric, Paris, historic monuments, etc. That complicates its maintenance.

"I hope that national, indeed international donantions will be forthcoming to finance the restoration as it's going to be very costly."

Source: AFP/de/zl