WASHINGTON: President Donald Trump on Monday (Jan 22) claimed victory after Democrats agreed to a stopgap deal to reopen US government offices and end a political crisis in Washington.
"I am pleased Democrats in Congress have come to their senses" Trump said in a defiant statement, as Senate lawmakers moved to get hundreds of thousands of federal government employees back to work.
Democrats said they decided to end the three-day "shutdown" after making progress with ruling Republicans toward securing the fate of hundreds of thousands of so-called "Dreamers" brought to America illegally as children.
With Democratic support, a bill keeping the government funded until Feb 8 easily passed the Senate, with the shutdown to formally end after approval later Monday by the House of Representatives, where the number two Republican Kevin McCarthy said it had the support to pass.
"Hopefully, we learn a lesson from this. Hopefully it never comes back to holding the government hostage," McCarthy said.
Word of the compromise deal struck in Washington sent US stocks surging to new highs.
But the White House appeared in no mood for bipartisanship or magnanimity after a shutdown that overshadowed Trump's first anniversary in office.
Trump moved to undercut Democrats, saying he would only accept a comprehensive immigration reform - one that notably addresses his demands for a border wall with Mexico as well as the fate of the "Dreamers."
"We will make a long-term deal on immigration if, and only if, it is good for our country," he said.
Top Senate Democrat Chuck Schumer earlier announced his party would vote with Republicans to end the shutdown, but in a sign of the poisoned politics of Washington he pilloried Trump in the process.
"The White House refused to engage in negotiations over the weekend. The great deal-making president sat on the sidelines," Schumer said.
Trump spent the weekend stewing at the White House when he had planned to be among friends and family at his home in Mar-a-Lago, Florida for his anniversary bash.
And with the fundamental row on immigration and funding of Trump's border wall unresolved, Republicans and Democrats may very well find themselves back in a similar stalemate come Feb 9.
Schumer told Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell that he expected Republicans to make good on a pledge to address Democrat concerns over the Deferred Action on Child Arrivals (DACA) program that shields immigrants brought to the country as children from deportation, but expires on Mar 5.
There are an estimated 700,000 "Dreamers" whose fates are up in the air.
"If he does not, of course, and I expect he will, he will have breached the trust of not only the Democratic senators but members of his own party as well," Schumer said.
Trump has staked his political fortunes on taking a hard line on immigrants, painting them as criminals and scroungers.
Senator Tim Kaine summed up the view of the more optimistic Democrats: "We got a commitment that I feel very, very good about."
But if no progress is made on an immigration bill, Molly Reynolds, Fellow in Governance Studies at Brookings Institute, warned that "Democrats still have the ability to potentially force another shutdown over the issue."
Notably, many of the Democrats who voted against the agreement included a litany of potential 2020 presidential candidates including Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders, Kirsten Gillibrand, and Elizabeth Warren.
DEALMAKER ON SIDELINES
Ahead of the deal, Trump had goaded Democrats from the sidelines, accusing them of shutting down the government to win concessions on immigration, in service of "their far left base."
Over the weekend, Trump encouraged the Senate's Republican leaders to invoke the "nuclear option" - a procedural manoeuvre to change the chamber's rules to allow passage of a budget by a simple majority of 51 votes to end the shutdown.
The bill needed 60 votes to pass the procedural hurdle in the 100-member Senate, meaning Republicans - who have a one-seat majority - could not manoeuvre on their own.
There have been four government shutdowns since 1990. In the last one, more than 800,000 government workers were put on temporary leave.
Essential federal services and the military were operational on Monday, but even active-duty troops will not be paid until a deal is formally sealed.