LONDON: Qatar's 10-year deal with Formula One announced on Thursday (Sep 30) will boost the balance sheet of a sport recovering from the hit of COVID-19 as well as further raising the profile of the Middle East in an increasingly global championship.
Formula One had not raced in the region until Bahrain's Sakhir circuit made its appearance on the calendar in 2004, with Abu Dhabi following in 2009.
Now the number of grand prix venues has doubled, and for the long term.
The deal with Qatar is for a race in November at the Losail circuit outside Doha and then for 10 years from 2023 once the gas-rich country has hosted the 2022 soccer World Cup.
Saudi Arabia, also signed up for at least a decade, will make its debut in December with an eye-catching night race in Jeddah while Qatar gets in first on Nov. 21. Abu Dhabi ends the season on Dec 12.
Times have changed since 2015 when the sport's former supremo Bernie Ecclestone poured cold water on Qatar's hopes by telling reporters in Bahrain: "I think we’ve got enough (races) here, don’t you?".
Formula One, a European-based sport whose commercial rights have been controlled by US-based Liberty Media since 2017, is keen to stretch the calendar and reach out to a new and younger demographic.
"The region is hugely important to us and with 70 per cent of the population of Saudi being under 30 we are excited about the potential to reach new fans," former F1 chief executive Chase Carey said last year when the Jeddah race was confirmed.
Race hosting fees are also a key element of the sport's business model, along with revenues from television and sponsorship.
The sport already plans a record 23 races in 2022, after 22 this season and only 17 in 2020, with Miami also due to come on board as a second US race along with Austin.
Something will have to give in 2023 if it is not to expand further with the sport also saying a return to Africa - a continent it has not raced in since 1993 - is a priority.
Bahrain and Abu Dhabi, whose Yas Marina circuit was billed as the most expensive racetrack ever built when it came on the scene, are each estimated to pay in excess of US$40 million annually in hosting fees.
Saudi and Qatar could be the most lucrative yet - good news for a sport whose revenues took a US$877 million hit, a 43per cent drop, last year when the COVID-19 pandemic forced cancellations and races without crowds.
Formula One is keen to distance itself from its fossil fuel-guzzling past, with a push for sustainable fuels and a net zero-carbon footprint target by 2030, but it still follows the money and ties with the major oil-producing region run deep.
Saudi state-owned energy giant Saudi Aramco is a global partner of Formula One and Saudi companies have sponsored teams in the past.
Bahrain's Mumtalakat sovereign investment fund owns 62.55 per cent of McLaren and last July Saudi Arabia's Public Investment Fund (PIF) and global investment firm Ares Management provided 400 million pounds (US$547.12 million) of new capital to the McLaren Group.
Saudi Arabia has the Dakar Rally, Extreme E and Formula E while Qatar has hosted MotoGP since 2004.
Emirati ex-rally driver Mohammed ben Sulayem is standing for president of Formula One's governing body, the International Automobile Federation (FIA), to replace departing Frenchman Jean Todt.
Human rights campaigners accuse Bahrain and Saudi Arabia of "sportswashing", using high-profile international events to create a positive image. Qatar's treatment of low-paid migrant workers has also come under close scrutiny.